New answers tagged usage
Let's try to collect some of the meanings, many of which are figurative. (I don't mind to add anything, please let me know through comments.) Aus dem Küchenfenster schaut man direkt auf die Kirche. From the kitchen, one can see the church. As has been pointed out, this does not necessarily imply that one sees the church from above. Nevertheless, this ...
You can also say: Die einzige Art ... Die einzige Möglichkeit ... Or even Der einzige Weg ... The latter sounds strange in some contexts and is mostly used when you can replace Weg by Ausweg. You could, for example, say: Ich muss xyz. Das ist der einzige [Aus-] Weg [aus dieser Situation].
The other answer contains some mistakes that set you up for wrong use of the words. Vorhin Refers to an earlier point in time of the same day as in the day you use the word. It usually spans back between 2 and 4 hours from "now". Dein Chef hat vorhin angerufen. A translation is earlier but keep in mind that vorhin works like now and always means the ...
1.) It does indeed mean the one. It could be replaced with der, but the former is more accurate. Example: Er ist der, der aus Berlin kommt. Er ist derjenige, der aus Berlin kommt. He is the one (who comes) from Berlin. Other examples: Sie ist die / diejenige, die ihn begleitet hat. Außer denen / denjenigen, die sonst noch dabei ...
Vorher refers to the time before a certain event like before or prior. Vorhin is used to point to a single point in time like earlier. I have spoken to you before we ... I have talked to you earlier. Referring to your examples: You talked to me before something happened. You talked to me earlier.
Neulich is used to point at a single point in time in the past like the other day. In letzter Zeit refers to a time span like in the last weeks or lately. I've talked to my mother the other day. I haven't talked to my mother much lately. (not exactly your example)
Brauchen is quite commonly used as both a main verb and a kind of modal acting verb. But it's not a modal verb. According to the Wortschatz-Portal its use (including both types) is just as often as the verb laufen. In spoken language, you will encounter this word very often, too, in any of the following definitions. The Duden lists three definition for the ...
Brauchen ist zunächst einmal ein ganz normales Verb, dessen Konjunktiv 2 mit Umlaut gebildet wird. Ich brauche etwas. I need something. Ich brauchte etwas. I needed something (past). Ich bräuchte etwas. = Ich würde etwas brauchen. I'd need something/I needed something (cond.) Es wird auch hier und da modalverbhaft verwendet, aber nur, ...
As the others have said, the difference is very small and it also depends highly on the region. However, I think that machen is slightly more "complex" a deed - maybe a bit like "to work it in" while tun is really just plain quick putting. Ich mache den Akku ins Handy rein. Mach mal den Code in dein Programm rein und dann guck mal, was passiert. I ...
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