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24

Technically, möchte is the subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II) of mögen. However, mögen is special, as it changes in a different way than other verbs do when put into the subjuncitve mood: While with most verbs, the subjunctive II mainly conveys the irrealis (i.e., that whatever is described, is not real), mögen changes its meaning from to like (and some others) ...


22

Welcome to the wonderful world of german separable verb prefixes :-) "Tempel ein" isn't a phrase but the result of separating the verb's prefix from the main part of the verb. In your examples, the complete verb is "einführen" resp. "eindringen". In both cases, you can separate the prefix "ein-" from the rest of the verb; and the difficult thing is that the ...


19

Strictly speaking, welche möchte Sie lieber? would mean something like which one likes you better? Meaning Sie would be the object of mögen, and welche the subject. Without any more context I would say that it was indeed a typo, the construction would only work in certain situations (in this case welche would have to refer to a previously ...


16

Yes, it's definitely used when making reference to a telephone call or similar: Wann hören wir uns wieder? Auf Wiederhören, bis zum nächsten Mal.


16

"Müssen" in German can also imply direction - the usage you are expecting is as auxiliary verb, like "können", "dürfen", "sollen": Etwas tun müssen Gehen müssen But you may use it without any verb to suggest movement without specifying the form (going, driving, flying, whatever) because it is important to be there, not how you got there. Ich muss ...


15

There is a transitive and an intransitive version of "treiben". The transitive "treiben" generally means imparting a more or less constant movement to somebody, in the sense of chasing or startling them, or something, mostly of a more abstract kind, as an occupation, a craft, a sport, etc. Examples: Ich treibe Sport (I do sports; I think practise isn't ...


13

Neither. The most common way to describe announce the intention of taking a shower would be Ich gehe duschen. The noun Dusche is used for describing the place and devices/fittings/plumbings required for taking a shower, but rarely (if ever) for the activity. Another possibility would be Ich gehe kurz unter die Dusche. For taking a bath it ...


13

The word you are looking for is schunkeln. Oftentimes people who schunkel link arms with their neighbours and rock rhythmically to the left and right. Although you will often see people holding their beer or so while schunkling, neither the drinking nor the linking arms is obligatory. The core of schunkling is the swinging/rocking to the music.


12

"Anflicken" is a composition of "an" and "flicken". "Flicken" means to patch something. Together with "an" it means, that the object is being enlarged. Example: DEU: Ich flicke etwas Seide an den Schal an. ENG: I patch the scarf with some silk. I am not an native English speaker. So, please excuse my mistakes. I hope I could answer your question...


11

That is exactly right. That is its use as a Modalverb. A better translation, in my opinion, would be may not maybe, which is actually what you used in your example translation. Quoting from the Duden's entry: zum Ausdruck der Vermutung; vielleicht, möglicherweise sein, geschehen, tun, denken Common phrases include Mag (gut) sein! Das mag ...


10

The correct / common expression would be "der Fußball liegt" though I don't know where exactly the thin line between "liegen" and "stehen" would actually go. Your example with the computer is quite a border line case (as is the football) depending of what type of computer you're dealing with: a laptop computer would always be lying (liegen) on the table ...


9

Good news: you can use "sein" in all of this cases, especially when talking, and even more so as a foreigner. It is just an issue of style in written language to avoid these weak verbs ("sein", "haben") and use more specialized ones. I have just a small problem with your choice "der Laden steht an der Ecke" (also confirmed by @hellcode). While I had no ...


9

There are two main classes in German verb conjugation: Strong verbs are verbs that form their past tense with ablaut (singen - sang - gesungen); weak verbs are verbs that form their past tense with a dental suffix (leben - lebte - gelebt). The phenomenon that you describe (vowel change in present singular) is primarily one that occurs in strong verb ...


8

Ein transitives Verb kann aus stilistischen Gründen ohne („ausdrückliches“) Objekt stehen - das ändert dann nichts daran, dass sich das Verb immer noch auf ein Objekt bezieht. Nur ist es dann am Leser, das Objekt aus dem Kontext zu ergänzen. Hier geht es durchweg um ein Team, das auch als Objekt zu „zusammenschweißen” ergänzt werden muss. Team, Mannschaft ...


8

Die Antwort ist: nein. "Existieren" hat kein richtiges Komplement. Das "es" im Beispiel ist das berühmt-berüchtigte Füll-Es, das hier immer wieder zu Fragen führt. Dieses "es" ist funktional nicht das gleiche, wie das Regen-Es. Es regnet heute. Es gibt einen Grund. In diesen beiden Sätzen ist "es" das Subjekt, und es bleibt erhalten, wenn man den ...


7

There's no verb "möchten", the forms you see are the Konjuntiv II forms of mögen. In fact it's so common that it's often introduced, confusingly, as a modal verb independent from mögen, but that's not correct. It must be said, however, that the Konjunktinv II is used far more often as a true modal verb than the Indicative. Whereas "ich möchte etw. tun" ...


7

While sein is is the most generally applicable way to denote the location of anything, it is indeed quite common in German to be be more precise if possible. Befinden is not more specific than sein when referring to locations, but it is a higher register in terms of formality. Which more specific verb you can use depends a lot less on the kind of object ...


7

First of all, as it shown in the link given by rogermue or at this page by canoo.net, possible candidates for such verbs can be made out by their prefix: Only durch, über, um, unter, wider and wieder can lead to verbs that are both separable and inseparable. Note that both sources list wieder as an always-separable prefix, which is wrong by counter-example: ...


7

In deiner Frage und deinem Kommentar zur Frage tauchen drei verschiedene Phänomene auf: Bei einem Doppel-/Gleichsetzungsnominativ erfordert das Verb zwei Nominative; der eine ist ein Subjekt, der zweite ein Nominativobjekt. Solche Verben sind beispielsweise sein oder werden: Er (=Nom.) ist ein kluger Junge (=Nom.). Sie (=Nom.) wird Polizistin ...


7

"tröpfeln" belongs to a subclass of verbs called "Iterativa". They put emphasis on a repeating action and often have the additional meaning of a certain smallness of an action. They can be recognised by -eln, examples are sticheln, tröpfeln, streicheln, trippeln. When talking about "tröpfeln", you put emphasis on the fact that you put small droplets on your ...


6

In German you do not take showers. - Instead you shower. Or shower yourself. Or go under the shower. Why do you not take a shower? - I have heard of: "Ich nehme ein Bad." Why would you not do the same with a shower? Because a shower is pretty immaterial. It is hard to grasp. If you want to use the word take. You could say. Ich nehme es auf mich, ...


6

Die Vermutung ist richtig, beide Satzteile stehen im Nominativ. Das wird deutlich, wenn man an ihrer Stelle Maskulina mit Artikel einsetzt: Der Hund gilt als der beste Freund des Menschen. Zur Frage, warum die verlinkte Tabelle auf mein-deutschbuch.de das nicht aufführt, kann ich mich nur Stephies Kommentar anschließen: Weil die Liste unvollständig ...


6

No, those verbs are not the same and they are not interchangeable. Großziehen would be translated as 'to raise (someone)', while aufwachsen is translated as to grow up. So: Wir sind zusammen aufgewachsen is correct, as well as Meine Mutter hat uns alleine großgezogen. The other two are lexically wrong.


6

Ja, fragen ist tatsächlich auch ein solches Verb: Kannst du mich nicht etwas Leichteres fragen? Ansonsten dürfte die Liste bereits ziemlich vollständig sein, denn solche Verben sind sehr selten; und sie werden noch seltener, weil in der Umgangssprache eines von ihnen im Aussterben begriffen ist (lehren wird ersetzt durch beibringen) und ansonsten ...


6

Beides ist nicht falsch. Die Version mit lassen verwendet den sogenannten Ersatzinfinitiv; bei manchen Verben, insbesondere den Modalverben wie müssen, ist der Ersatzinfinitiv zwingend, bei manchen anderen Verben kann man ihn verwenden oder auch nicht. Weitere Details findet man bei Canoo. Das Thema Ersatzinfinitiv wurde auch schon in diesen Fragen ...


6

Aus meiner Sicht gehen beide Konstruktionen, die Bedeutung verschiebt sich ganz leicht, je nach Fall: Fünf Jahre ist eine lange Zeit. -> Bedeutung: Ein Zeitraum / ein Zeitblock (als "Einheit" gesehen) Fünf Jahre sind eine lange Zeit. -> Bedeutung: eine bestimmte Anzahl ("zählbare" Einheiten) Das deckt sich auch mit Regel 8 aus Deinem Link ("Use singular ...


6

"Treiben" is related to "to drive" and "to drift" and the core idea can be expressed as to (make something) move If you're able to think abstract you can find that in all of the (very divers) uses for the word. Here are a few examples: to float, drift : moving forward on the water; the element of "not by one's own force" is a random addition ...


6

"Verschwende" is the imperative form of "verschwenden". The speaker says she should not waste her time with him, not that she actually does it (although this is implied). An no, you cannot replace "meinem" mit "dem" in this context. It would not really change the meaning, but it would simply be wrong or at least extremely unidiomatic.


5

According to most manuals, you would eine Waschmaschine beladen There are also the term „eine Ladung Wäsche“ and „eine Waschmaschinenladung“, both meaning a load of laundry. So in your example: Der Mann belädt die Waschmaschine. More colloquial versions would be Wäsche in die Waschmaschine stecken Wäsche in die Waschmaschine stopfen ...



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