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18

Etwas verhindern is impersonal and quite strong. Wenn ich etwas verhindere, then it won't happen. Jemanden daran hindern, etwas zu tun means something like prevent somebody from doing something. So you know who does it, and you don’t want him to do it. It’s as strong as verhindern, but if I prevent Hans from doing something, Max could do it instead. This ...


15

In many cases, zahlen and bezahlen mean the same and may be used interchangeably: Sie haben die Miete noch nicht gezahlt/bezahlt. Das Museum hat zwei Millionen für das Bild gezahlt/bezahlt. Sometimes, there is a difference in register; otherwise, it is often a matter of personal taste when to use which. However, there are some cases where a ...


13

One feature of Indo-European was that verbs were working in 2 directions. For instance the word to become/bekommen... In German, bekommen means that you get something. So something is moving toward you. In English, you are moving toward something (on an abstract level). So each language has picked one interpretation. Another example is the word to make . ...


13

It's no different than English, really. hungrig is an adjective meaning hungry. Hunger is a noun meaning hunger(appetite). Thus, "Ich bin Hunger" quite literally means "I am hunger", which makes no sense in either language. "Ich bin hungrig" means, just as in English, "I am hungry." Additionally, you can also say "Ich habe Hunger", literally translating ...


13

sich freuen auf is used when you are looking forward to something, i.e. in an anticipatory context: Ich freue mich auf die Sommerferien! / Ich freue mich auf deinen Besuch. (future event) sich freuen über is used when you are excited about something, e.g. a gift or present or a general event. Ich freue mich über die Beförderung! / Ich freue mich ...


12

Note that the German word Hunger is a noun. Just as you'd not say I am hunger in English, you most likely would not say I am hunger in German. Ich bin hungrig is legal and works, but is less common than Ich habe Hunger. The same goes for being thirsty: Ich habe Durst Ich bin durstig Both of the above are valid but the former is far more ...


11

Both are valid. The form with "pflegte" is very high register, and you wouldn't normally say that. You'll understand it now when you come across it, but don't bother using it. "Früher" is much more common, and in everyday speech, you'd use the verb in Perfekt: "Früher habe ich in Kiew gelebt"/"Ich habe früher in Kiew gelebt".


10

It appears to me that this form is possible whenever there is an implied object (or, for sein, a complement) that could take the first position: Willst du ein Bier? – Ja, (das) will ich. Siehst du die Joggerin dort? – Ja, (die) sehe ich. Hast du den zweiten Harry-Potter-Band? – Ja, (den) hab’ ich. Schreibst du ihm? – Ja, (dem) schreibe ich. ...


10

I think it makes more sense to look at it the other way round: The Verb actually is "aufstehen". The separation of the prefix in certain contexts happens because it's a "trennbares Verb" (separable verb). When used in a main clause, the prefix moves to the end of the clause. In a dependent clause it doesn't. Since what you have in your example is a ...


10

Amongst young people, the word is abhängen, which connotes that you spend a lot of time with your friends (e.g. in the playground) but that you usually do nothing meaningful (except for maintaining your relationships).


10

Also ich würde es als Aussage aus der Ich-Perspektive verstehen: [Ich (die App)] installiere [mich auf dem Handy] oder [Ich (das Handy)] installiere [die App auf mir] Als Softwareentwickler denke ich, dass es eine etwas fehlerhafte Übersetzung des englischen Installing ist Für mich klingt [Die App] installiert [sich] aber auch falsch. ...


9

In my impression the words abhängen and rumhängen have been replaced by chillen. People in their twenties and older may still use abhängen and rumhängen (especially when talking about teens), but teens seem to use chillen much more often. I even think that abhängen and rumhängen sound pretty oldfashioned to teens (like knorke was oldfashioned and replaced by ...


9

Yes. It's actually a rhetorical device named Zeugma. A few examples: Er trat die Tür ein und den Rückweg an. Ich heiße nicht nur Heinz Erhardt, sondern Sie auch herzlich willkommen. Ich fror vor mich hin, denn nicht nur meine Mutter, auch der Ofen war ausgegangen.


8

To expand on falkb's answer a bit: versuchen is usually followed by a complementary infinitive. It means "try (to do something)." Ich versuche, Deutsch zu lernen aber ich finde es nicht einfach. Probieren, on the other hand, is a transitive verb and takes a direct object in the accusative. Hast du das Steak bei Outback Steakhouse probiert? ...


8

Yes, that is absolutely possible, though rare in practice (unless it is an intentional pun in jokes, book titles etc.). One well-known unintentional example is das gelobte Land (the Promised Land). Martin Luther coined it from geloben, which now is obsolescent; many people today therefore think it is derived from loben and understand it as the praised land. ...


8

Mieten kann nur die eine Bedeutung haben (dafür zahlen, daß man ein Objekt benutzen darf). Das Gegenstück ist vermieten. Anders ist es bei leihen, ausleihen und auch bei dem umgangssprachlichen, gleichbedeutenden borgen, das kann beide Bedeutungen haben: Anna leiht Bastian ihr Auto. Bastian leiht Annas Auto. Bastian leiht sich von Anna ihr Auto. ...


8

This construction uses a form of subjunctive (Konjunktiv I) in the main clause and expresses a request, more or less equivalent in meaning to a sentence using the imperative. The imperative form is actually used in some mathematical texts as well, particularly more recent texts. The imperative can be perceived as quite blunt; on the other hand, man + ...


8

There's a difference between both sentences. The first one means: I'm going to log into my Gmail account tomorrow. So you're going to check for new e-mails or you're going to send one. The latter on the other hand means: I'm going to activate my Gmail account tomorrow. In this case you have a new account which needs activation first, before you ...


8

Disclaimer: I am by far not a native speaker, not even an advanced learner, but here goes my take. Konjunktiv II can be formed in two ways: with umlauting(if possible) the vowel of the Präteritum and adding -e at the end, or by using würde + Infinitiv. Incidentally, würde itself is the Konjunktiv II form of werden. For example: Infinitiv: gehen ...


8

Es gibt einen Fehler auf dem Tisch. Es, although an impersonal is still the subject acting on the object (the mistake). Imagine if in English you said It gives a mistake on the table. the mistake is still being given by the it. On the other hand, if you said Es ist ja niemand da. then it's niemand and not niemanden because sein is a ...


8

Beide Varianten sind korrekt. Sie haben allerdings eine unterschiedliche Bedeutung. Ich habe Lust, nur in der Nähe zu fahren. Hier bedeutet "in der Nähe" eine begrenzte, statische Umgebung, etwas wie eine Zonenangabe. Wenn du "in der Nähe" zum Beispiel mit "im Schulhof" austauschst, wird klar, dass es sich um eine Ortsergänzung im 3. Fall (Dativ, ...


8

Wenn du dich nicht auf das Präfix ver- festlegst, dann findest du einige weitere: erröten ergrauen ergrünen begrünen einbläuen (nicht die Wortbedeutung, die früher als einbleuen geschrieben wurde) einschwärzen Die Vorsible ver- drückt halt u.a. eine negative Entwicklung bzw. eine Auflösung aus. Beim Gelbwerden von Buchseiten ...


7

verhindern is "to prevent something". hindern is "to stop somebody from doing ...". behindern is "to make it harder for (obstruct, hamper) somebody to do ...". Examples: "Ich möchte dieses Gesetz verhindern" - "I want to prevent this law" "Ich hindere dich wegzulaufen" - "I stop you from running away" "Ein Läufer hat den anderen behindert" - "One ...


7

Ich bleibe Du bleibst Er-Sie-Es bleibt Wir bleiben Ihr bleibt Sie bleiben It's not completely obvious but @jarnbjo's 3rd person plural rule is the correct explanation. "Es fehlen zwei Karten. Schaut doch noch mal unterm Sofa nach." -- That is just a descriptive statement. "Es glauben mehr Menschen an Gott als an ...." "Es fahren nach ...


7

This is a play on words that won't work in English. On the one hand, the author is referring to the web as in world wide web. On the other, he/she is using the German word "durchweben", which refers to weaving, specifically adding special (usually gold) thread to produce decorative, precious cloth. In English, this would be "shot through (with gold)". I ...


7

dict.cc gives to have sth done as the second but last translation. This exactly reflects the usage of lassen in this context. The translation of your example would be as follows: Could you please have my luggage brought down (to the entrance hall)? one could also translate using to let: Could you please let the luggage be brought down? Further ...


7

Die richtige Antwort ist 1. mieten => Ich bezahle für eine Wohnung. Vermieten wäre das Gegenteil: Ich vermiete meine Wohnung (und bekomme dafür Geld von jemandem).


7

Both are wrong. It is „vorhaben, etwas zu tun“, so the „anfangen“ needs a „zu“, which is why the second variant is wrong. So we are at Ich habe vor, [...] anzufangen. Next, it is „anfangen, etwas zu tun“, so again the „die Hausaufgaben machen“ needs a „zu“: Ich habe vor, anzufangen, die Hausaufgaben zu machen. Now German is somewhat liberal ...


7

The 1st and the 3rd are correct. The more literal translation would be Vermisst du ihn? The 2nd is wrong. It would mean Does he miss you? Both fehlen, and vermissen are synonymously used in this context but note the change in grammatical case: Du Nom. fehlst mir Dat.. Ich Nom. vermisse dich Akk..


7

Well, one of the many senses that the English word to see has is: 3 experience or witness (an event or situation) Oxford Dictionary Now, if you look up the German word erleben you find out that it has quite the same meaning. The bold bits are highlighted by me to emphasize those words that -imho- represents to experience or witness a situtation most ...



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