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13

Gefäß is restricted to movable containers which are not flexible and can contain liquids. Some examples: Cages or most baskets are not called Gefäß because they cannot contain liquids. Plastic bags, gourds or cardboard boxes are not called Gefäß because they are deformable. Bottles, glasses, barrels, vases or drinking horns are called Gefäß. Fixed tanks or ...


10

Deren or dessen are used to prevent misunderstanding concerning possessions in sentences with more than two persons or two groups of persons. In your example it actually doesn't matter, but try to figure out who are the parents of the son in this sentence: Sie haben ihre Freunde und ihren Sohn eingeladen. The son could belong to family 1 or family 2. But ...


10

I'll recommend the test by the "Institut für Testforschung und Testentwicklung" in Leipzig: http://www.itt-leipzig.de/static/startseiteeng.html You can find alternatives if you search the Internet for "Wortschatztest".


9

I'm from South Tyrol. The word seems to be a (IMO bad) translation of the Italian expression documento di riconoscimento (Italian Wikipedia) (the verb riconoscere means erkennen) which means one of the following official documents: ID card (Personalausweis) driver's license (Führerschein) passport (Reisepass) etc. in other words: an official any ...


9

As you already suspect, it is weiter+skippen, where skippen is derived from the English verb skip, as in “skip from one track to the next on the CD”. The prefix weiter- doesn't add much to the meaning, except possibly a notion of directedness (no random hops). (As an aside, there actually is a word weiters. It is used in Austria instead of weiterhin.)


9

Beside the already mentioned "Um die Ecke gedacht" I'd like to recommend the crosswords in the "Süddeutsche Magazin". Looking at your description of the NYT crosswords I would give it a Thursday or Friday difficulty. They provide solutions for the crossword of the previous week with comments - might be useful to get acquainted with the style and help ...


8

The origin of this word seems to be South Tyrol (Italy, Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano). Regarding splattne's answer, Erkennungsausweis is just a mistranslation for documento di riconoscimento. He also mentions the best translation is Lichtbildausweis, since it is a pass containing at least name and photo. Most web links (written in German) refer to the ...


8

In the religious context, I would use Menschwerdung, Fleischwerdung or Inkarnation, the last of which has Latin roots.


8

The number one function of "wohl" is to express an assumption. Dann hast du wohl keine Zeit. This means something like.. Well, then you don't have time I suppose/guess. Just like "to guess" and "to suppose" the person who is saying that can very well be very sure about the other person's not having time, so the assumption is just used to ...


8

pflegen zu + inf., e.g. Meine Großmutter pflegt jeden Nachmittag ein Mittagsschläfchen zu machen.


7

Die richtigen Antworten sind: Oben: darüber oberhalb Unten: darunter unterhalb Da die Richtung der Schwerkraft ständig wahrnehmbar ist, hat sie auch starke Auswirkung auf unsere Sprache. Die absoluten Richtungen (Norden, Süden usw.), in die links und rechts weisen, ändern sich ständig, wenn wir uns bewegen. Oben bleibt aber immer oben, ...


7

That distinction is mainly due to german and european product designation rules / foodstuff legislation: there are rules whether to use „Marmelade“, „Konfitüre“ and so on (don't miss „Konfitüre extra“ and „Gelee“ - and last but not least „Gelee-Marmelade“) depending on the raw materials: see the „Verordnung über Konfitüren und einige ähnliche Erzeugnisse“, ...


7

The "nur" emphasizes admiration of the other person's cooking skills in this case. It could probably be translated like this: "These noodles are delicious. Just how do you make them?"


7

riechen an Das Mädchen riecht an der frischen Wäsche. (Der Hund schnuppert an der Einkaufstüte.) riechen nach Die ganze Wohnung riecht (duftet) nach Weihnachtsgebäck.


6

Als Ergänzung und zur Antwort von @HubertSölnast, dass man "davor und dahinter nicht verwechseln könne. Unter Umständen kann man davor und dahinter nämlich schon verwechseln. Beispiel: Man fährt in einem Auto und der Beifahrer weist den Fahrer an: "Parken Sie hinter dem Auto da vorne." Jetzt ist es eine Frage des Bezugssystems, ob man erst an dem Auto ...


6

Kantenblatt ist ein Begriff aus der Architektur. Es bezeichnet ein Ornament wie es zum Beispiel auf folgender Abbildung eines frühgotischen Säulensockels zu sehen ist: Quelle. Erwähnt wird der Begriff auch im Ökonomischen Reallexikon aus dem Jahr 1796: Blatt an der Ecke, Kantenblatt, ist in der Baukunst eine Verzierung von Blättern an den Ecken oder ...


6

On this Goethe Institut page, there's a cute Flash game (Spiel 03: Memo-Spiel) that does what you're looking for. Found it by searching on ""memo-spiel" bild wort lernen wortschatz", if you keep looking you may find more. Tried the search with "Memory-Spiel" instead of "Memo-Spiel" but got only links to articles not games. Possibly "Memory-Spiel" is ...


6

I think that they describe two different things: "das Deutsche" is the german language itself as in Das Deutsche hat seine Feinheiten und Tücken. or as you said: etwas ins Deutsche übersetzen "das Deutsch" is a person's knowledge of the german language. Mein Deutsch ist nicht so gut. Thus, the expression "ins Deutsch übersetzen" would be ...


6

Eng comes from the same root as Angst and has a background of restraint. We could also call it narrow by force. schmal is related to the English small and talks about the natural state of something. So, and this is to be taken just as a guide line, you would use eng whenever there is a restrictive force involved whereas schmal is proper for things and ...


6

In vielen Sprachen werden die Nomen nach dem Genus unterschieden. Here, nach functions like the English according to/by. The werden + verb structure is the passive, rendering: In many languages, nouns are differentiated according to/by gender. Another similar example with perhaps a less confusing verb: Die Artikel werden nach Preis aufsteigend ...


5

I really advise the use of Mnemosyne or Anki. "Spaced Repetition" is really effective. The softwares mostly test the words (cards) you know the less, until you know them well, and then they test more rarely the words you do really know. All is based on a self estimation for each tested word (card). The longer part is to fill the flash cards with your own ...


5

"Marmelade" and "Konfitüre" are words that differ regionally. Roughly, Marmelade is used in the South and Konfitüre in the North (which is a general pattern for food words that correspond to Italian and French, respectively), although Eastern Germany may be exceptional. The labels in the supermarket correspond to EU regulations: In the EU, originally ...


5

I guess you have misunderstood this. When you look at the lyrics: it's grau und kalt, not grauenkalt Diese Nacht ist grau und kalt und schwer


5

You'd normally use "mütterlicherseits" or "väterlicherseits".


5

Im Grunde wird in deinem Quote schon alles erklärt. Rechthaberisch bedeutet schlichweg, dass du auf deiner Meinung beharrst und dich durch nichts von dieser abbringen lässt – ungeachtet dessen, ob du recht hast oder nicht. In rechthaberisch steckt recht haben und letzteres ist to be right im Englischen. Rechthaberisch bedeutet self-opinionated, dogmatic ...


5

Yes your translations are correct, but as you said the meanings of tight and narrow can overlap sometimes. Your example: "The road is narrow" could also mean "Die Straße ist eng", but "tight and Narrow = Eng und Schmal" should be right in general


5

Depending on your vocabulary, get an Open dictionary. Free software comes with such dictionaries. Get the number of entries in the dictionary. wc -l /usr/share/hunspell/de_DE.dic 72374 /usr/share/hunspell/de_DE.dic Now take 100 words by random from the dictionary, and count how much you know. This schould be a good estimate. For higher acccuracy take ...


5

There is only one monolingual German dictionary of substance and importance, the Duden.


5

Wenn die Wörter betreut und pflegt auf die Sätze Die Blumen meiner Mutter wachsen so gut, weil sie sie intensiv ____. Carola ist zweifache Mutter und ____ wochentags noch drei weitere Kleinkinder. verteilt werden sollen, würde ich in die erste Lücke pflegt und in die zweite Lücke betreut einfügen. Das Verb pflegen beinhaltet meiner Meinung nach ...



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