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13

Gefäß is restricted to movable containers which are not flexible and can contain liquids. Some examples: Cages or most baskets are not called Gefäß because they cannot contain liquids. Plastic bags, gourds or cardboard boxes are not called Gefäß because they are deformable. Bottles, glasses, barrels, vases or drinking horns are called Gefäß. Fixed tanks or ...


8

Was is short for etwas (something) here and is the required object for abarbeiten. Thus the sentence means Now I can finally work some things off. or more freely: Now I can finally get some work done.


7

In Ergänzung zu den bisherigen Antworten, kann man noch ein weiteres Beispiel aus der Physik heranziehen: die Thermodynamik. Auch dort spricht man von offenen, geschlossenen und abgeschlossenen Systemen. Geschlossene Systeme tauschen mit ihrer Umgebung keine Masse (Materie) aus. Es kann ihnen aber Energie und Arbeit zu- oder abgeführt werden. ...


7

Technically, a "Lesepause" could be two things: a break for reading a break from reading Written on a book mark, it's likely intended to mean the latter. The book mark is kind of the objectified reading break. If we find a book with a book mark, we know that someone stopped reading there with the intention to come back later. The question whether it ...


6

That sentence is not incorrect. The list of allowed modal brauchen-forms should contain, besides negated phrases, nur-phrases as well. nicht zu tun brauchen = need not do. (Du brauchst das nicht zu tun.) nur zu tun brauchen = must/need only (to) do. (Du brauchst nur xyz zu tun.) A common application of the nur-phrase is when you don't know how ...


6

Die von Dir angesprochene Steigerung von "geschlossen" zu "abgeschlossen" funktioniert zwar in manchen Kontexten: Die Tür ist abgeschlossen: sie ist geschlossen und zusätzlich mit einem Schloß o.ä. zugesperrt. aber sowohl geschlossen als auch abgeschlossen haben noch weitere, eigene Bedeutungen, die über diese "mechanische" Sicht hinausgehen. ...


5

Ich fürchte, eine einfache Regel gibt es nicht. Manche der Bedeutungen überlappen sich, und in manchen Situationen können beide Begriffe synonym verwendet werden: Bedeutungen für geschlossen als Partizip II von schließen: nicht offen, zu: Die Tür ist geschlossen. das heißt sie man kann nicht hindurchgehen ohne sie zu öffnen, aber sie ist nicht ...


5

Addition to the given answer: "was" as abbreviation for "etwas" is mainly colloquially used. See also http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/etwas. In professional writing you should better avoid it (citations and direct speech excluded), if not the overall writing style is colloquial and thus "demands" it.


4

The DUDEN lists Behälter as a synonym for Gefäß. If you look at the root halten and vazzen, there is the common notion of keeping or holding something. Most of the time you could use them interchangeably: e.g. a bottle is both. If you look at the history of both terms, it seems that Gefäß is the much older term (DUDEN VOL. 7 lists a first usage of Behälter ...


4

In this example, was is an abbreviation of etwas. So it's a normal object, not a modal particle.


3

The word "scheinbar" means that something seems to be true, but actually isn't. However, it is extremely often (wrongly) used instead of "anscheinend", which just means that something appears to be true. However it is not synonymous to "angeblich" which means "it is claimed to be true". Usually it has the connotation that you doubt the truth if the claim ...


3

so every Gefäß also is a Behälter Please note, that this statement is restricted to every day usage or has at least some exceptions. Consider the following sentences Der Herr aber sprach zu ihm: Gehe hin; denn dieser ist mir ein auserwähltes Gefäß, meinen Namen zu tragen sowohl vor Nationen als Könige und Söhne Israels. (Acts of the Apostles 9, 15 / ...


3

My Mum is teaching in a primary School. After the 4th and before the 5th lesson, there is a so called "Lesepause", were the children have to read a Book from the "Lesekiste"(A box with children books in), for 20 minutes. May it helps, else Emanuel already gave an explanation about the meaning, just wanted to provide a practical example


2

"Lesepause" might mean that someone who reads a lot stops reading for some time for various reasons. His eyes might be tired or he wants to take off some time to think about what he has read. If it is written on a bookmark then the meaning might be: Here I stopped reading because I had to walk the dog. But it might also mean: time/a pause for reading and not ...


2

If you read something aloud (eg. a story for children, a poem, etc.) the punctuation marks of sentences indicate Lesepausen as locations to pause shortly from reading to make the structure of the sentence obvious to the listener. This helps to recognize insertions, side-notes, etc. I guess, that all other answers are correct as well (essentially "a break ...


1

Mein 3-jähriger Sohn sagt Ich muss Pipi machen. und Ich muss Schissi machen. Wir haben nie versucht, eine spezielle Kleinkindersprache zu pflegen, sodass dies wohl eine Mischung aus dem ist, was wir sagen und was er woanders hört. Interessant finde ich, dass unabhängig von der genauen Bezeichnung für das was heraus kommt, immer eine Sache ...


1

In Thüringen (Germany) as a small kid they told me A-a machen was to defecate, another woman spoke about käckern, which does also sound milder instead of the vulgar kacken. Pipi/Lulu machen (to urinate) or pullern/lullern/strullern is appropriate for smaller children, too. Later, maybe in school or already in later kindergarden times it was ich muss mal ...


1

Agree with Martin Büttner in the comments. It is most probably meant in the sense of Kaffeepause, where you are taking a break to drink coffee. Lesepause is when you take a break (Pause) to read (lesen) something. It is also possible to mean a break from reading like others suggest, but that doesn't feel right for me as a native speaker.


1

"Angeblich" means you have heard people say it is true. Angeblich sei das Verbrechen schon vor Monaten aufgedeckt worden. (People say, the crime had already been exposed months ago.) "Scheinbar" means you have the impression of something being likely to be true due to your own experiences. Es scheint (mir), als wäre die Brücke sehr instabil. ...


1

"Los geht's" is more akin to "Let's go", whereas "Auf geht's" is more akin to "Here we go".


1

Komplex bezieht sich auf eine Struktur, auf eine Summe von Objekte oder Ideen die irgendwie zusammenhängen, oder zusammen ein Verbund oder ähnlich bilden. Ein Komplex kann durchaus einfach oder kompliziert sein. Kompliziert bedeutet daß es nicht einfach ist. Gegenteil von Trivial. Man verwendet sehr komplex oder stark komplex oder zunehmend komplex wenn ...



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