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Kaufhaus = department store which looks like one owner has all those different departments while in reality today some of the parts are operated by external comapnies. Einkaufszentrum = shopping mall Many different independent shops in a building or building complex.
A "Kaufhaus" sells all kinds of goods but most departments belong to the same company. The "Kaufhaus" as a whole pays rent for the building and all employers get their salary from the "Kaufhaus" So a person working in the kids section might have to fill in in cosmetics some days. A famous example in German is the Galeria Kaufhof at Berlin Alexanderplatz. ...
Yes there is a difference. Kaufhaus is more like a supermarket where Einkaufszentrum is like a mall with many different shops.
Among other meanings, the word Tüte is used as a short form of Plastiktüte (English: plastic bag) in colloquial German. The area of distribution is shown in a linguistic map of the linguistic atlas Atlas zur deutschen Alltagssprache:
Yes, this is generally recognized as a teutonism (i.e. a word that's typically only used in Germany), at least when referring to a plastic bag or similar. Tüte is used in other contexts (for ice-cream cones, e.g.), however. The official word would be "Tragtasche", I suppose, although the word "(Plastik)sack" and in particular the diminutive "Sackerl" are ...
They don't mean both mountain. The Gebirge are mountains (plural), a Berg is a mountain. There is also a plural of Berg (Berge), but there is a difference to Gebirge. Berge is a list of mountains, Gebirge is an area with mountains. Some examples: Die Alpen sind ein Gebirge. Die Alpen und der Himalaya sind Gebirge. Der Mont Blanc ist ein Berg der Alpen. ...
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