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1d
comment When did “eitel” switch from “vergänglich” (fading) to “eingebildet” (smug)?
@Matthias: Interesting, also concerning Hubert's answer, from the Wikipedia article: Der dargestellten äußeren Form entspricht der inhaltliche Aufbau. Das vorliegende Sonett ist ein argumentativer Text. In Vers 1 stellt der Dichter eine These auf, die die gleiche Aussage enthält, wie der Titel des Sonetts: Auf dieser Welt ist Alles nur Eitelkeit, hier steht Eitelkeit in seiner alten Bedeutung Vergänglichkeit. So I guess It is not so uncommon to understand "eitel" as "vergänglich".
1d
comment When did “eitel” switch from “vergänglich” (fading) to “eingebildet” (smug)?
@HubertSchölnast Do you have a reference for your statement that Gryphius cited Luther?
1d
comment When did “eitel” switch from “vergänglich” (fading) to “eingebildet” (smug)?
I guess "nichtig" works fine in the poem of Gryphius. Although "nichtig" is more of a judgement than "vergänglich" which sounds more descriptive to me. In that sense it matters how one should understand "eitel" here.
1d
comment When did “eitel” switch from “vergänglich” (fading) to “eingebildet” (smug)?
Do you say that Gryphius made a reference to Luther then? I never came about such a statement before.