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Dass es gelingen würde, in Deutschland konkurrenzfähige Textilien herzustellen, haben ihr nicht viele zugetraut

"Dass es gelingen würde, in Deutschland konkurrenzfähige Textilien herzustellen" is the object of the sentence (Objektsatz). The subject of the sentence is "Nicht viele", therefore it's "haben".

(To be more precise, "Dass es gelingen würde ..." is the direct [accusative] object and "ihr" is the indirect [dative] object. The terms direct object and indirect object are often problematic when talking about German sentences, but I think here it is appropriate)

Maybe this becomes clearer when the order of words is changed:

Nicht viele haben ihr zugetraut, dass es gelingen würde, in Deutschland konkurrenzfähige Textilien herzustellen.

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das sei hier einfach zu teuer

This can be seen as reported speech with an implied "Viele sagen, ...": "[Many people say that] this is too expensive here". For reported speech, Konjunktiv I is the ususal choice in written German, therefore "sei" is used. In spoken German Konjunktiv I is rare, here ususally Konjunktiv II ("wäre") is preferred.

Dass es gelingen würde, in Deutschland konkurrenzfähige Textilien herzustellen, haben ihr nicht viele zugetraut

"Dass es gelingen würde, in Deutschland konkurrenzfähige Textilien herzustellen" is the object of the sentence (Objektsatz). The subject of the sentence is "Nicht viele", therefore it's "haben".

Maybe this becomes clearer when the order of words is changed:

Nicht viele haben ihr zugetraut, dass es gelingen würde, in Deutschland konkurrenzfähige Textilien herzustellen.

-

das sei hier einfach zu teuer

This can be seen as reported speech with an implied "Viele sagen, ...": "[Many people say that] this is too expensive here". For reported speech, Konjunktiv I is the ususal choice in written German, therefore "sei" is used. In spoken German Konjunktiv I is rare, here ususally Konjunktiv II ("wäre") is preferred.

Dass es gelingen würde, in Deutschland konkurrenzfähige Textilien herzustellen, haben ihr nicht viele zugetraut

"Dass es gelingen würde, in Deutschland konkurrenzfähige Textilien herzustellen" is the object of the sentence (Objektsatz). The subject of the sentence is "Nicht viele", therefore it's "haben".

(To be more precise, "Dass es gelingen würde ..." is the direct [accusative] object and "ihr" is the indirect [dative] object. The terms direct object and indirect object are often problematic when talking about German sentences, but I think here it is appropriate)

Maybe this becomes clearer when the order of words is changed:

Nicht viele haben ihr zugetraut, dass es gelingen würde, in Deutschland konkurrenzfähige Textilien herzustellen.

-

das sei hier einfach zu teuer

This can be seen as reported speech with an implied "Viele sagen, ...": "[Many people say that] this is too expensive here". For reported speech, Konjunktiv I is the ususal choice in written German, therefore "sei" is used. In spoken German Konjunktiv I is rare, here ususally Konjunktiv II ("wäre") is preferred.

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Dass es gelingen würde, in Deutschland konkurrenzfähige Textilien herzustellen, haben ihr nicht viele zugetraut

"Dass es gelingen würde, in Deutschland konkurrenzfähige Textilien herzustellen" is the object of the sentence (Objektsatz). The subject of the sentence is "Nicht viele", therefore it's "haben".

Maybe this becomes clearer when the order of words is changed:

Nicht viele haben ihr zugetraut, dass es gelingen würde, in Deutschland konkurrenzfähige Textilien herzustellen.

-

das sei hier einfach zu teuer

This can be seen as reported speech with an implied "Viele sagen, ...": "[Many people say that] this is too expensive here". For reported speech, Konjunktiv I is the ususal choice in written German, therefore "sei" is used. In spoken German Konjunktiv I is rare, here ususally Konjunktiv II ("wäre") is preferred.