I mean splitting into prefix, suffix, and so on. Like when you look at the etymology. For example:



Ge+ legen + heit

To better understand some German words I'm trying to split them. Usually is easy using a dictionary or looking at the etymology but I couldn't achieve this with the following word:


  • Duden.de should be helpful here. – Baz Apr 11 '14 at 10:30
  • @Baz: mmm.. by splitting I mean like splitting beraten to be and raten. Splitting into prefix, words, suffix and so on.. – Revious Apr 11 '14 at 10:35
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    Not sure I understand. It's a composition of Taucher (diver) and Ausrüstung (gear). – Baz Apr 11 '14 at 10:36
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    Would you like to ask about the Rindfleisch­etikettierungs­überwachungs­aufgaben­übertragungs­gesetz too? – Danubian Sailor Apr 11 '14 at 12:52

You get the ultimate answer to your question using canoo.net.

enter image description here

You read this diagram starting from the right end:
The word Taucherausrüstung is a composition noun+noun (i.e. Taucher and Ausrüstung).
The noun Taucher is derived from the verb tauchen with the suffix -er. The verb cannot be segmented any further.
The noun Ausrüstung is derived from the verb ausrüsten with the suffix -ung.
The verb ausrüsten is derived from the verb rüsten (which cannot be segmented any more) with the prefix aus-.

  • Thi site is simply wonderful!!! – Revious Apr 11 '14 at 12:04
  • But the result is not the splitting ;D – Angel O'Sphere Apr 11 '14 at 13:22
  • +1 That site is brilliant. – Baz Apr 11 '14 at 13:31

Duden has the answer:

Ausrüstung für einen Taucher

Taucherausrüstung is a simple composition of Taucher (diver) and Ausrüstung (gear/equipment).

  • That is not what the Asker asked, he asked for the splitting, see my answer below. – Angel O'Sphere Apr 11 '14 at 13:23
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    @AngelO'Sphere It is what the OP asked for as you can tell from the comments to the question. Why else would s/he mark it as solved? Anyway, the "splitting" you are referring to can also be found on the Duden page I linked to... – Baz Apr 11 '14 at 13:24
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    @AngelO'Sphere No, OP did not ask for syllabification. OP tries to split up words to get a grasp of the meaning of a word. – Em1 Apr 11 '14 at 13:28
  • Well, this is clearly wrong, so I'm not sure what he actually wants to know: Ge+ legen + heit – Angel O'Sphere Apr 11 '14 at 13:32
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    @AngelO'Sphere OP assumed that "ge-" is the prefix (not the case here) and "-heit" the suffix (is true). And legen (or rather liegen) is the root. Actually, "gelegen" is the participle adjective, thus the correct splitting is "gelegen + heit". Still, if you assume "ge" being the prefix, OP's splitting is fine. – Em1 Apr 11 '14 at 14:23

The correct syllabification for Taucherausrüstung is: Tau- cher- aus- rüs- tung.


Taucher + Ausrüstung. tauch-en, Tauch-er. rüst-en, aus-rüsten, Aus-rüst-ung,

What was the difficulty in finding the elements of wordformation of this word?

  • mmmm... I've tried looking on many different dictionaries but but it wasn't so clear. It could have been: Taucheraus+rüstung or Tauch+erausrüstung. Everything is possible when you have no idea of how to split a word. For understanding how is that word for me try to read and split the following one معدات الغوص :-P – Revious Apr 12 '14 at 16:47
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    Now I understand your problem. As a German one has to learn what problems for learners can arise. – rogermue Apr 12 '14 at 18:24

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