I mean splitting into prefix, suffix, and so on. Like when you look at the etymology. For example:



Ge+ legen + heit

To better understand some German words I'm trying to split them. Usually is easy using a dictionary or looking at the etymology but I couldn't achieve this with the following word:


  • Duden.de should be helpful here.
    – Baz
    Apr 11, 2014 at 10:30
  • @Baz: mmm.. by splitting I mean like splitting beraten to be and raten. Splitting into prefix, words, suffix and so on..
    – Revious
    Apr 11, 2014 at 10:35
  • 4
    Not sure I understand. It's a composition of Taucher (diver) and Ausrüstung (gear).
    – Baz
    Apr 11, 2014 at 10:36
  • 2
    Would you like to ask about the Rindfleisch­etikettierungs­überwachungs­aufgaben­übertragungs­gesetz too?
    – user1690
    Apr 11, 2014 at 12:52

4 Answers 4


Note: I'm afraid the service that I linked to is no longer available. LEO has taken over some features of canoo.net but not the one about word formation.

You get the ultimate answer to your question using canoo.net.

enter image description here

You read this diagram starting from the right end:
The word Taucherausrüstung is a composition noun+noun (i.e. Taucher and Ausrüstung).
The noun Taucher is derived from the verb tauchen with the suffix -er. The verb cannot be segmented any further.
The noun Ausrüstung is derived from the verb ausrüsten with the suffix -ung.
The verb ausrüsten is derived from the verb rüsten (which cannot be segmented any more) with the prefix aus-.

  • Thi site is simply wonderful!!!
    – Revious
    Apr 11, 2014 at 12:04
  • But the result is not the splitting ;D Apr 11, 2014 at 13:22
  • +1 That site is brilliant.
    – Baz
    Apr 11, 2014 at 13:31
  • It seems that unfortunately canoo.net no longer works as it used to. I wonder if the feature is still available somewhere in the website (I don't speak enough German to find it), or if something similar is available elsewhere.
    – anol
    Jun 15, 2021 at 19:34
  • @anol No, that's no longer available :( They say: "Die Technologie, die für die Wortbildung verwendet wurde, verblieb bei der IMTF. Diese Informationen sind daher bei LEO leider nicht in gleichem Umfang verfügbar. ...."
    – Em1
    Jun 22, 2021 at 14:00

Duden has the answer:

Ausrüstung für einen Taucher

Taucherausrüstung is a simple composition of Taucher (diver) and Ausrüstung (gear/equipment).

  • That is not what the Asker asked, he asked for the splitting, see my answer below. Apr 11, 2014 at 13:23
  • 1
    @AngelO'Sphere It is what the OP asked for as you can tell from the comments to the question. Why else would s/he mark it as solved? Anyway, the "splitting" you are referring to can also be found on the Duden page I linked to...
    – Baz
    Apr 11, 2014 at 13:24
  • 3
    @AngelO'Sphere No, OP did not ask for syllabification. OP tries to split up words to get a grasp of the meaning of a word.
    – Em1
    Apr 11, 2014 at 13:28
  • Well, this is clearly wrong, so I'm not sure what he actually wants to know: Ge+ legen + heit Apr 11, 2014 at 13:32
  • 1
    @AngelO'Sphere OP assumed that "ge-" is the prefix (not the case here) and "-heit" the suffix (is true). And legen (or rather liegen) is the root. Actually, "gelegen" is the participle adjective, thus the correct splitting is "gelegen + heit". Still, if you assume "ge" being the prefix, OP's splitting is fine.
    – Em1
    Apr 11, 2014 at 14:23

The correct syllabification for Taucherausrüstung is: Tau- cher- aus- rüs- tung.


Taucher + Ausrüstung. tauch-en, Tauch-er. rüst-en, aus-rüsten, Aus-rüst-ung,

What was the difficulty in finding the elements of wordformation of this word?

  • mmmm... I've tried looking on many different dictionaries but but it wasn't so clear. It could have been: Taucheraus+rüstung or Tauch+erausrüstung. Everything is possible when you have no idea of how to split a word. For understanding how is that word for me try to read and split the following one معدات الغوص :-P
    – Revious
    Apr 12, 2014 at 16:47
  • 1
    Now I understand your problem. As a German one has to learn what problems for learners can arise.
    – rogermue
    Apr 12, 2014 at 18:24

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.