I just started learning German through DW online courses. I can not find how to type the ß and capital ß (ẞ) on the German keyboard of Windows 8.

  • You are using the German keyboard? If so, the ß is the key to the right of 0 (zero). Capital ß is not to be found on the German keyboard. See answers as to why.
    – Jan
    Commented Sep 16, 2015 at 9:21
  • 1
    Closing this question as there are two actual questions here, one of which is also answered elsewhere and one which isn’t actually answered. If you (or anybody else) are interested in actually producing the capital eszett with a keyboard and are aware of its orthographical status (see here and here), please ask a new question.
    – Wrzlprmft
    Commented Sep 16, 2015 at 11:33

5 Answers 5


As I understand your original question, you are after the regular lower case ß.

You can find it on a German keyboard layout: the letter ß is one key to the right of the number zero(0). As others have suggested, the upper case use of ß is normally substituted by SS.

I am typing this on a laptop with Windows 8, where I can use a shortcut key to switch between different keyboard layouts.

If you have a touch device you may need to install the keyboard layout for German to see the key on the on-screen keyboard.

  • Thanks. My keyboard doesn't have German letter printed on the keys (its English/Arabic). I looked up this Wiki article en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_keyboard_layout the ß character is mapped to another location on the keyboard. Anyway your answer solved the problem, thanks Commented Apr 14, 2014 at 8:47
  • I have a German keyboard and if I should ever feel the unlikely desire to type such a nonstandard symbol, something like thie might help me out Commented Apr 15, 2014 at 13:06

Officially, there is no such thing. Yes, some typographers have designed a ß to better go along with other capital letters, but it's still a (very) far cry from universal adoption.

Since there are no words starting with ß you'd only need it for all caps. Just use SS for now, is my advice, if you must.

  • In Gendering environments this sentence is dangerous. They may write anything in uppercase, if they seem fit.
    – Toscho
    Commented Apr 14, 2014 at 13:51
  • I am not sure I follow. Are you talking about a word like StudentInnen? I fail to see how that relates to my advice to use SS instead of ß when using capitals. It's what Duden recommends, after all.
    – Ingmar
    Commented Apr 14, 2014 at 14:11
  • Since there are also capitals inside words, you may not only need ẞ in all-caps.
    – Toscho
    Commented Apr 14, 2014 at 16:03
  • 2
    Can you think of a single case where you'd need (or, want) a capital ß inside a word, while the rest stays in lower case? I certainly can't. Whatever your opinion of it, it's called Binnen-I for a reason.
    – Ingmar
    Commented Apr 14, 2014 at 17:18
  • 2
    It is true that both Geschoss and Geschoß are legal variants, but what has choosing one version over the other to do with gender discrimination? Contrary to what some might believe, those "gender people" don't throw around random capitals in their words, they actually have a purpose: StudenInnen is meant as shorthand way to denote both "Studenten" and "Studentinnen", e.g. Using a capital ß would not serve any such purpose (not one that I could see, anyway).
    – Ingmar
    Commented Apr 15, 2014 at 4:22

I use the alt codes, which work in certain formats. This does not require you to have a new keyboard, download any programs, install any software, or continually copy paste. However, not all programs will accept alt codes.

You hold down alt, type a few numbers, then release alt. Remember to engage Num Lock if using the keypad.

ß = alt + 225

Other unique German letters:

  • ä = alt + 132

  • Ä = alt + 142

  • ö = alt + 148

  • Ö = alt + 153

  • ü = alt + 129

  • Ü = alt + 154

There are also alternate codes for all of these, using four numerals:

  • ß = alt + 0223

  • ä = 0228

  • Ä = 0196

  • ö = 0246

  • Ö = 0214

  • ü = 0252

  • Ü = 0220

  • 1
    Nitpicking: at least Ä,ä,Ö and ö are anything but unique to German...
    – Gerhard
    Commented Jan 17, 2015 at 15:47
  • perfect, thank you very much!! Commented Jan 9, 2021 at 0:43

There is no capital ß as a and A in current German written language, even thought it appears to have an Unicode code.

Only when using it for small caps there is a need for it, but this isn't a real letter but more a type of font (as a in small caps would also be).

  • de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gro%C3%9Fes_%C3%9F
    – LiveWireBT
    Commented Apr 15, 2014 at 9:47
  • Oh I have to correct myself ...
    – frlan
    Commented Apr 15, 2014 at 10:03
  • You don't, really. Even Wikipedia clearly states: Sie ist nicht Bestandteil der amtlich verbindlichen deutschen Rechtschreibung. ("... not part of the officially binding rules of German orthography.") The Unicode consortium, on the other hand, likes to cover their bases, and there's nothing wrong with that. (Those are the guys who thought Klingon needed a place in there, too. Capital sharp s? Yeah, we've got that.)
    – Ingmar
    Commented Apr 15, 2014 at 10:43

On Gnome 3 in Debian Linux with German layout eszett(ß) type by - key which goes after zero key without pressing shift key.

enter image description here

German layout DIN 2137-1:2012-06

  • When loading a German (Germany) keyboard layout this will always will be the location of ß. Consider to extended your answer showing how to quickly change keyboard layouts while typing. This however will not give us a capital ẞ - you should point that out ;)
    – Takkat
    Commented Jan 17, 2015 at 16:47
  • As far as I understand there is no capital ß. Standard way to change layout in latest Gnome 3 versions is to press WinKey+Space or by holding WinKey press several times Space key, depending how much layouts do you have.
    – Zeke Fast
    Commented Jan 19, 2015 at 13:12
  • Probably there could be a different UTF code for capital ß, but it will look the same.
    – Zeke Fast
    Commented Jan 19, 2015 at 13:14

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