"The news/article/post says ..."
Is it correct to say
(a) Der Spiegel sagt, dass ...
(b) Der Artikel sagt, dass ...
(c) Die (Facebook-)Post sagt, dass ...
or should the verb "sagen" not be used here?
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In my opinion, it is not inherently wrong to use "sagen" as in your examples, however, it sounds a bit strange to me since "sagen" is commonly used in conjunction with real persons:
Der Autor des Artikels sagt, dass
Der Spiegel-Autor Max Mustermann sagt, dass
Nevertheless, you can sometimes see "Die Bild sagt" in headlines, but usually not in texts of higher level.
In contrast, the verbs "aussagen" and "besagen"* do work with things. Note that both have slightly different meanings though!
(b) Der Artikel sagt aus, dass
(b) The article declares/states that
(c) Der (Facebook-)Post besagt, dass
(c) The (facebook) post indicates that
Note: it is der Post (with an English pronunciation) if meant as a contribution or a post on a website.