3

The full sentence is:

In vielen Sprachen werden die Nomen nach dem Genus unterschieden.

I've checked the meaning of every single word, but I'm still not sure what the sentence means. Especially, the "nach ... unterschieden" part isn't clear to me.

6

In vielen Sprachen werden die Nomen nach dem Genus unterschieden.

Here, nach functions like the English according to/by. The werden + verb structure is the passive, rendering:

In many languages, nouns are differentiated according to/by gender.

Another similar example with perhaps a less confusing verb:

Die Artikel werden nach Preis aufsteigend sortiert. Items are sorted by ascending price.

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