How does the "es gibt" construct behave when it is in a subordinate clause?

For example, let's start with a simple:

Es gibt einen Hund.

Now let's move it into a subordinate. Some alternatives I could think of

Ich glaube, dass einen Hund gibt.
Ich glaube, dass es einen Hund gibt.

Is any of those correct?

  • None is. "Es" is the subject, hence "Hund" can't be in the nominative case.
    – user9104
    Commented Aug 29, 2014 at 13:29
  • First, @Peasant is right but I think that's not part of the question. So I changed "ein" to "einen". Second, I think in your first "Ich glaube, ..." sentence is missing the "es". I don't know where you did want to put it; however, the second sentence is already correct (provided having the correct declension).
    – Em1
    Commented Aug 29, 2014 at 13:37
  • Actually, the answer to this question is pretty easy. You just move the verb to the end of the sentence, and you're done. There's nothing special just because using "es gibt".
    – Em1
    Commented Aug 29, 2014 at 13:38
  • Oh, I thought something strange could happen, like in the "passive without subject", where es only appears if necessary to keep the verb in position 2: "Es wird getanzt" -> "Morgen wird getanzt". :-)
    – fdierre
    Commented Aug 29, 2014 at 14:06

1 Answer 1


Correct is:

Ich glaube , dass (subordinating conjunction) es (subject) einen Hund ("direct object") gibt (verb).

Pertaining to OP's comment on the question:

This "es" is not to be confused with the "es" we see in sentences like the following:

Es wird in Deutschland viel Bier getrunken.

Es muss mindestens einer von euch hier bleiben.

In these cases "es" is really only a filler and has no grammatical role whatsoever.... only a syntactical.

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