There's no obvious difference in pronouncing
Ärmel. As for
ä is slightly more "
e-like" than the usual
ä, as it is a short vowel.
Ä is close in pronunciation to the
cap - an
a pronounced more "
Is pronounced like the
purse or the
Perth. EDIT: It is possible to practice the
ö by forming an
o with your lips and saying an
e, or by saying
Perth with extremely rounded lips.
Is pronounced by forming an
o with your lips but actually trying to say
zwei is pronounced like
ts in English.
Buch it is pronounced the same way you'd pronounce
Nakhla (نخلة) or the Scottish word
Licht there's no real equivalent in English, but you could try it by placing the rear of your tongue to the to rear-top of your palate (like when saying the Spanish
señor and then without a voice try to breathe out of your mouth (sounds like a cat hissing). Also note that in some cases
ch is also pronounced like
k as in
The subtle differences for the short or long umlaut vowels don't matter that much at first. You will get it by listening and trying to imitate.