7

Is there any difference in meaning or usage of this two words? In case, what is it?

der Berg and das Gebirge

They both mean "mountain".

  • 13
    Gebirge is to Berg as Wald (forest) is to Baum (tree). – Chris Jan 23 '15 at 21:14
  • Gebirge is a chain of mountains, a mountain range like the Rocky Mountains or the Himalayas. – rogermue Jan 27 '15 at 17:30
  • A decent dictionary would have helped, whether mountains or mountain range (Gebirgskette)is more appropriate, may depend on the context – guidot Jan 27 at 17:11
17

They don't mean both mountain. The Gebirge are mountains (plural), a Berg is a mountain.

There is also a plural of Berg (Berge), but there is a difference to Gebirge. Berge is a list of mountains, Gebirge is an area with mountains.

Some examples:

  • Die Alpen sind ein Gebirge.
  • Die Alpen und der Himalaya sind Gebirge.
  • Der Mont Blanc ist ein Berg der Alpen.
  • Der Mont Blanc und das Matterhorn sind Berge in den Alpen.
  • Der Mont Blanc und der Mount Everest sind hohe Berge.

You find also some defintions in the Wikipedia article for Gebirge

  • 1
    Entirely correct. In addition, one can use "die Berge" synonym with "Gebirge", i.e.: "Wo machst du Urlaub?" - "Ich fahre ein paar Tage in die Berge." – Ingo Jan 25 '15 at 13:32
  • 2
    In general, the prefix ge- is used to denotate a collection or a stack of things. – jonathan.scholbach Mar 1 '17 at 12:14
2

Also, to complicate matters further, there is another meaning of Gebirge in the field of mining (Bergbau, i.e. mountain de/construction). There, Gebirge means the underground rock, especially if it has not yet been mined. This includes loose rock like sand

berg~ seems to be a rather versatile root:

bergen, geborgen, verbergen, Berg, Gebirge,…

1

Gebirge means a range of mountains while berge means one mountain.....there is nothing very different between them only that gebirge is the range or place of mountains and berge is the mountain

  • This doesn’t really add anything to the accepted answer. But also, welcome to German Language Stack Exchange; feel free to take a tour of the site. – Jan Mar 1 '17 at 12:24
-2

Berge means a little number or one mountain while Gebirge means a mountain range directly.

We're looking for long answers that provide some explanation and context. Don't just give a one-line answer; explain why your answer is right, ideally with citations. Answers that don't include explanations may be removed.

  • Welcome to German StackExchange and thanks for your answer! However, this information has already been given in the accepted answer, so it may be deleted or downvoted by the community due to its brevity. – Philipp Jan 27 at 12:02

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