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I'm confused because I know German does not have Progressive Tenses as English does. So how do you get around the "-ing" part?

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Ich war gerade unterwegs, als es passierte.

Recipe: use some additional words (here: "gerade") to show the time component.

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    A closer and more accurate translation could be "Ich saß gerade am Steuer...", but anyway, +1 for "gerade", which is the crucial element in conveying the progressive meaning. – elena Jan 30 '15 at 12:45
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    Als Rheinländer sach ich: "Ich war grad am fahren..." – Em1 Jan 30 '15 at 13:19
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    It should be noted that while "gerade" emphasizes that this was the speaker's state at the very moment when "it happened", "Ich war unterwegs, als es passierte." is entirely comprehensible, as well, and conveys the same information. – O. R. Mapper Jan 31 '15 at 13:30
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You can use the normal forms as "als es passierte" expresses clearly enough that a new event happens during the action described before.

  • Ich war mit dem Auto unterwegs, als es passierte.

Added:Sometimes it takes a bit longer to find an appropriate answer. English has the habit to describe ongoing actions by using the continuous forms and this is done very accurately. German mostly doesn't express ongoing action explicitly with special forms. In the above example both aspects (ongoing aspect and aspect of a new interfering event are implicitily indicated by the contents of main sentence and subsentence.

  • Ich war mit dem Auto unterwegs

Logically this can only be an ongoing action whether you express the ongoing aspect explicitly or not.

  • als es passierte

The content of this subsentence can only be interpreted as a new interfering event.

I can imagine that it must be a new experience for English speaking persons learning German that it is not necessary to state ongoing actions explicitly and that the content of two clauses indicates clearly enough that one action is ongoing and the other one is interrupting.

I hope I got across what I meant to say. Not so easy to express such subtleties in a foreign language.

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