5

Deine Schwester wohnt aber nicht in Kiel, oder?

I would suggest that it means "Your sister doesn't live in Kiel, right?".
But the aber is a real pain. I looked everywhere on the Internet and nothing seems to help me.

  • 1
    This might help: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_modal_particle – aebabis Mar 11 '15 at 20:27
  • Where is that sentence from? Has "Kiel" and someone living/working there been in any way topic of the conversation before? If so, then the "aber" just creates a contrast to whoever is based in KIel. – Emanuel Mar 11 '15 at 22:28
10

The "aber" probably really just means "but" here.

But your sister doesn't live in Kiel, does she?

So it indicates that the answer that you expect ("She doesn't live in Kiel") somehow contradicts what has been said before or would otherwise be unexpected.

So, for example, imagine that a friend reports meeting his sister in Kiel. But you think you remember she lives elsewhere, which makes that more surprising.

"Gestern war meine Schwester zu Besuch."

"Deine Schwester wohnt aber nicht in Kiel, oder?"

"Nein, sie wohnt in Hamburg, aber das ist nicht sehr weit."

It's not limited to negative questions, either. "Deine Schwester wohnt aber in Hamburg, oder?" would also make sense.

  • So, if "Aber" means "but", why is it not placed at the beginning of the sentence? – Lora85 Mar 11 '15 at 14:40
  • 1
    Because it's an adverb in this case. You can place it at the beginning, if you want. – wolfgang Mar 11 '15 at 14:45
  • 1
    @Lora85 "Aber deine Schwester wohnt nicht in Kiel, oder?" is also possible. And then you can add two words and change the meaning drastically: "Aber deine Schwester wohnt doch gar nicht in Kiel". Difference: The first sentence shows that you're a bit unsure, the second implies that you (think, that you) know that she's not living there. – Em1 Mar 11 '15 at 14:48
  • @Lora85 see also german.stackexchange.com/questions/9058/… – wolfgang Mar 11 '15 at 14:49
  • 1
    @Lora85; it is an adverb, and I insist my translation is correct. It relates the question to preceding context, so I guess "connecting adverb" would be the corresponding term in English grammar. Where did you hear of the rule that an adverb has to precede a conjugated verb? And what is a coordination adverb? (Google only refers me to a badly translated dissertation on modern Chinese coordination adverbs...) – wolfgang Mar 12 '15 at 12:59
6

Your translation is correct but it would also be correct if aber was missing from the original. What it can signify here is the speaker thinking of something or questioning an assumption they made. If this is the context, you could carry it over in translation like this:

Wait, your sister doesn't live in Kiel, does she?

Another reason for putting aber in such a question would be disapproval of that possibility, should it be true, whether that is because they consider the possibility below their standards or because it would complicate things in whatever context it was raised.

1

I think the more pronounced "Your sister does not live in Kiel, does she?" might match it a bit better (although i am a native german speaker, not english, so i might be wrong). The "aber" here usually is a request for clarification, or a hint at a misunderstanding or confusion. It most likely means that the speaker previously held the impression that the sister indeed lives somewhere else, and something was just said that cast a doubt on this assumption.

1

I think in this case it depends too much on the previous sentence. If I were to translate it maybe I'd try a more freely translated version:

However, your sister doesn't live in Kiel, does she/right?

0

Das ist eine Abtonungspartikel, wie bloss oder doch.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.