I'm interested in a comprehensive resource that gives the origins of Yiddish words. I am aware that Wiktionary sometimes contains this information, but it is often sorely lacking. (For instance, I once tried to look up קשיא (kasche), and only found an Aramaic word with the same spelling there. I finally managed to, somewhat inadvertently, discover that the word was definitely probably not from German after I discovered it in a Hebrew dictionary that I was looking at out of curiosity.)
I am aware of one or two German-Yiddish dictionaries such as this one, which can be useful particularly when I can guess the German equivalent of a word I hear in a song (e.g. פרייהייט sounds and is equivalent to Freiheit) and want to confirm that it's from German. However, such resources often work in the wrong "direction" -- I cannot look up Yiddish words of which I cannot guess the meaning of -- and thus are fairly limited in utility.1 Similarly, I found this online Yiddish-English English-Yiddish dictionary, which can be useful if I know the meaning of a word but not its spelling, but it has nothing on the origins of words. So I can't figure out the origins of words via such sources without putting in more work.
Thus: are there any comprehensive resources (preferably online) that list Yiddish words and their etymologies? (For what it's worth, I can read English, French, and some German, and not much more than that.)
- They may also be a bit inaccurate. As a test, I searched that site for the Yiddish translation of Braut and got מיידל (Mädel): German enough, but possibly slightly inaccurate as I've seen the word used to mean "girl", and since כלה (Kalle) is a more obvious translation. The site also has the massive handicap of only giving one translation per German word.