I am startled whenever I hear the phrase “Alles senkrecht?”, meaning “how’s it going?” I think that’s because I consider it very vulgar (with senkrecht referring to penis position).
Does the phrase have this sexual origin?
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Es gibt den Ausdruck
Alles im Lot
welcher wohl bedeutet, dass Handwerker ihre Arbeit erfolgreich und genau vollbracht haben. Diese verwenden ein Lot, ein Senkblei oder eine Wasserwaage, um zu prüfen, ob alles, was senkrecht sein soll, senkrecht geworden ist.
Im Gegensatz dazu steht ein anatomisch wohlgeformter Penis in Erwartung großer Verzückung zwar aufrecht, aber kaum senkrecht.
I've never heard this phrase, but I assume it originates from the usage of a spirit level. There is also the phrase "Alles waagerecht?" which seems also relate to the level interpretation.
If "everything is in level" then "everything is okay", or "fine"
You might be surprised to find that recht, errect, correct, and many more words are cognate. With words like just ~ justified (Lat. ius "law") this isn't limited to a single family of words either. So I suggest that the phrase simply plays on the positive connotations of recht augmented with an arbitrary, collocated attribute. As was already pointed out, alles im Lot exists as well, and I should add for contrast eg. der Haussegen hängt Schief (which I imagine refered initially to motto samplers at the entrance, which may bear a Segnung or other kind of set phrase).
However, with phrases like alles fit im Schritt you would be quite correct.