What’s the difference between obwohl and trotz grammatically?

Does the verb goes to the end of the sentence when we use trotz?

closed as unclear what you're asking by Jan, Em1, chirlu, boaten, Burki Jan 7 '16 at 7:55

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    Could you give an example? "Trotz" does not introduce a relative clause. – Carsten S Jan 6 '16 at 14:04
  • " ........ traf die Polizei schon wenige Minuten nach dem Überfall ein, von den Tätern aber fehlt jede Spur." What do we use in this sentence, "Obwohl" or "Trotz" . – Kamal AlHabbal Jan 6 '16 at 14:47
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    Both would be ungrammatical. – Eller Jan 6 '16 at 15:11

The greatest difference between both is that trotz initiates a genitive while obwohl does not.

Wir gingen spazieren, trotz des schlechten Wetters.

Wir gingen spazieren, obwohl das Wetter schlecht war.

That also means that you do not use a verb when using trotz. It is important to notice that you would not use a sentence order like this when using trotz. It is more likely to put the trotz subordinate clause before the main clause:

Trotz des schlechten Wetters gingen wir spazieren.

Why you don’t need a verb there? Because the sentences has a genitive object which replaces a complete

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    The even more fundamental difference is that trotz is a preposition and obwohl a conjunction. There is so such thing as a “trotz subordinate clause”. – chirlu Jan 6 '16 at 17:54

Obwohl introduces a subordinate clause:

Er ging einkaufen, obwohl es regnete.

Obwohl es regnete, ging er einkaufen.

Trotz is a preposition:

Trotz des Regens ging er einkaufen.

Er ging trotz des Regens einkaufen.

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