What’s the difference between obwohl and trotz grammatically?

Does the verb goes to the end of the sentence when we use trotz?

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    Could you give an example? "Trotz" does not introduce a relative clause. – Carsten S Jan 6 '16 at 14:04
  • " ........ traf die Polizei schon wenige Minuten nach dem Überfall ein, von den Tätern aber fehlt jede Spur." What do we use in this sentence, "Obwohl" or "Trotz" . – Kamal AlHabbal Jan 6 '16 at 14:47
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    Both would be ungrammatical. – Eller Jan 6 '16 at 15:11

The greatest difference between both is that trotz initiates a genitive while obwohl does not.

Wir gingen spazieren, trotz des schlechten Wetters.

Wir gingen spazieren, obwohl das Wetter schlecht war.

That also means that you do not use a verb when using trotz. It is important to notice that you would not use a sentence order like this when using trotz. It is more likely to put the trotz subordinate clause before the main clause:

Trotz des schlechten Wetters gingen wir spazieren.

Why you don’t need a verb there? Because the sentences has a genitive object which replaces a complete

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    The even more fundamental difference is that trotz is a preposition and obwohl a conjunction. There is so such thing as a “trotz subordinate clause”. – chirlu Jan 6 '16 at 17:54

Obwohl introduces a subordinate clause:

Er ging einkaufen, obwohl es regnete.

Obwohl es regnete, ging er einkaufen.

Trotz is a preposition:

Trotz des Regens ging er einkaufen.

Er ging trotz des Regens einkaufen.

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