Shouldn’t it be "Wir schaffen es"?
If I said “Wir schaffen es”, would that have the same meaning as “Wir schaffen das”?
What is the meaning of the word das in “Wir schaffen das”? I thought das means that.
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English only has two degrees of demonstrativeness:
We can do it.
We can do that. (or: this; they are on the same level of emphasis)
(I feel that we can do it conveys the purpose of the sentence better. The main discussion point is not the verb used, anyway; and changing the verb does not change what it or that mean.)
German, on the other hand, has an additional degree:
Wir schaffen es.
Wir schaffen das.
Wir schaffen dieses/das da/jenes.
The das is able to refer to what everybody knows is the thing one has to make; es would sound a lot more like ‘we can do something.’ You can think of das being somewhere still in the it range but well on its way towards the that range. It is demonstrative, but much weaker than the English that.
I’d say that since das in this case actually refers to a certain and distinct problem, using it here is a small inaccuracy in the translation. I understand ‘we’ll make it’ more as a common statement, primarily referring to the circumstances, state or general attitude — not necessarily related to a particular problem.
I am not a linguist, but I suspect ‘we’ll make it’ to be an ellipsis. The words left out on the phrase’s end are through this/that/it/… and therefore it can almost equally translate to the German ‘wir schaffen das’ as well as to ‘wir schaffen es.’
Yes, "das" means "that". However "das" also means "it": "Das ist ein Buch" - "It is a book".
The meaning of "das" in "Wir schaffen das" is "it" or "this" or "that".
PS. It's normal that the most expressions are not translated word-by-word so you shouldn't expect that if you just replace every word in an English phrase you'll get a valid German phrase and vice versa.
PPS. Are you reffering to A.Merkel's speech?
After looking at: Duden
I got reminded of what schaffen actually means. It means working. We have a saying in Germany: "Schaffe, schaffe, Häusle baue." Which kind of means work work, build a house.
The present perfect of "schaffen" is "geschafft"
Saying the following sentence does not make sense: "Wir haben das geschafft."
But the following works: "Das haben wir geschafft."
The difference between "Das" und "Es" is specificity.
You can point at something and say "Das! haben wir geschafft". But when you say you have finished a job which includes a lot of things you cannot point at. You'd say: "Wir haben es geschafft."
Wir schaffen es is indirect and general, as in we'll make it (just in time). And Wir schaffen das. Is we'll complete this job. (Before the world ends)