# Is there a translation for “solitary work” without negative connotation (side meaning)?

I am translating a text about somebody who did "solitary and theoretical work". I assume "solitary" is here used as opposite to "in a team", so "einsam" or "alleine" would not do. How would you translate this?

I would either say eigenständige Arbeit or Soloprojekt, if it's a project.

I'd propose "als Einzelner", assuming this is about a scientist or mathematician doing serious research.

"allein" is also almost neutral and could be used.

"einsam" could be appropriate if his ideas were opposed by the community.

Einsam would do it, or selbständig.

• "Ich arbeite einsam", that's not very common. – feeela Oct 21 '11 at 9:33
• "in einsamer Heimarbeit entstand ...", oder "im einsamen Elfenbeinturm". Leistungen sind mitunter "einsame Klasse". – user unknown Oct 21 '11 at 12:57

In the end I used 'einzelgängerische Arbeit'. It seemed to be the best fit for me.

Thank you all for your input!!!

• Einzelgängerisch does have a pretty strong connotation though, typically negative. I would understand it as someone who actively avoids teamwork and defends his/her area of responsibility. – Hackworth Oct 25 '11 at 7:37