Is there a German dictionary that lists words with the same root together, e.g., where abstimmen, mitbestimmen, zustimmen etc. are listed under stimmen?

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    Not that I would know of. Your example is a good one insofar as it shows the questionable use of such a list - the composed verbs use the common root "Stimme" == vote, while "stimmen" (which you assume to be a 'final' root) goes back to another root meaning tune (both roots have another common one == voice). I am not sure what you would want to achieve which such lists. – tofro Mar 28 '16 at 12:36
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    Would wildcards in an electronic dictionary help? E.g. *stimmen in Canoo or Leo. – Crissov Mar 28 '16 at 13:06
  • @Crissov Right, thanks. "Dictionary" normally makes my brain switch to "paper mode" – tofro Mar 28 '16 at 13:11
  • Many thanks, tofro and @Crissov, for your answers. I hadn't tried wildcards, but have just tried them in Leo and got what I was looking for. Perfect. – David Barnes Mar 28 '16 at 13:15
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    @Crissov I have just checked, the wildcard *stimmen also works with the CD-ROM versions of the Duden dictionaries. – Faded Giant Mar 28 '16 at 13:42

Canoonet offers quite a nice clickable word formation tree for many word stems including stimmen.

A click on Wordformation will lead to the following tree (only shown in part):

enter image description here

One level above would be for the stem Stimme with even more derivations.

Also see this related question (in German):

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    A really nice one I didn't know! +1 for the enlightenment! – tofro Mar 28 '16 at 19:44

Howard Kellerʹs 1978 "A German Word Family Dictionary" is pretty useful.

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