5

Gibt es einen Unterschied zwischen eine Liste aus und eine Liste von?

Wann sagt man:

Eine Liste aus Objekten, Menschen, Zahlen, Typen, …

Eine Liste von Objekten, Menschen, Zahlen, Typen, …

  • I think the first one misses a verb. I would use "aus" with the verb "bestehen (aus)". So: "Eine Liste bestehend aus Objekten...". But I am not sure with that. – Colin Nov 8 '16 at 18:06
  • Ich würde eher auf beides verzichten: "Eine Liste Objekte, Menschen, Zahlen..." – user unknown Nov 8 '16 at 18:18
4

Aus literally means made of/from in this case, while von usually means the same as of.

Ein Zaun aus Holz.

A fence made of wood.

Ein Zaun aus Latten.

A fence made from latches.

BUT

Ein Zaun von vielen.

One fence of many.

Eine Liste von Zutaten.

A list of ingredients.

When it is clear the list isn't meant as a physical object, making a list aus instead of von means you focus on the list rather than the things on it. But this is very subtle.

Er hatte eine Liste aus Zutaten und Arbeitsschritten.

He had a list made of ingredients and work steps.

Er hatte eine Liste von Zutaten und Arbeitsschritten.

He had a list of ingredients and work steps.

2

Another possibility would be a Genitive construct, that is, we use "der", "derjenigen", "solcher", "dieser" and so on:

Liste der Primzahlen

die Liste derjenigen Primzahlen, die zwischen 100 und 1000 liegen

Die Liste seiner Vergehen ist lang.

1

No difference to me. "Liste aus..." implies "Liste bestehend aus...". All three sound equally fine to me.

"Liste Objekte..." without anything should also be grammatically correct but to me sounds less colloquial or common. I am not sure how or if this construct can be used if you have different things in the list, as in: "Liste Objekte und Menschen", to me does sound really strange and perhaps wrong.

For my ear in the first three options, the emphasis is on it being a "list", while in the last option the emphasis shifts a bit to the objects that make up the list.

Another option similar to "Liste Objekte..." could be with compound nouns, e.g.: Zahlenliste.

  • I disagree. Liste aus would define what the list is made of, not what the list contains. – Thorsten Dittmar Nov 10 '16 at 13:45
  • Not sure I understand which part of my answer you refer to. Also for lists I don't see any difference between "contains" and "made of". – user1583209 Nov 10 '16 at 14:13
  • To the first line: No difference to me. "Liste aus..." implies "Liste bestehend aus...". I can have a list that is made of paper (because I wrote it onto a piece of paper) that contains names. So it is a Liste aus Papier, but a Liste von Namen. – Thorsten Dittmar Nov 10 '16 at 14:16
  • I see, and agree that if the list is made of paper I would use "aus". Similarly if you gave me a list it would be a: "Liste von Thorsten". However I understood the original question to refer specifically to the items that are listed. And I still think that "aus" and "von" can both be used in that case. – user1583209 Nov 10 '16 at 14:28

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