2

Why is it "Ich kaufe auf dem Markt." and "Ich kaufe in dem Bioladen."? In other words, why should I use "auf" before "Markt" and "in" before "Bioladen"? Because the latter is a building?

closed as unclear what you're asking by Beta, Em1, Alexander Kosubek, Iris, Wrzlprmft Dec 12 '16 at 16:08

Please clarify your specific problem or add additional details to highlight exactly what you need. As it's currently written, it’s hard to tell exactly what you're asking. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

1

You can say “Ich kaufe auf dem Markt.” or “Ich kaufe in dem Markt.”. Both is correct German.

Markt can be a marketplace (Marktplatz) or a mart/shopping mall (short for Supermarkt).

If you say “Ich kaufe in dem Markt.” (or Biomarkt, Supermarkt, ...), you go into a building. A Bioladen is just a special shop (health-food shop).

If you say “Ich kaufe auf dem Markt.”, you go to a marketplace to make your shoppings. So you are not inside a building, but on a place.

  • And "in dem" is usually shortened to "im". – Iris Dec 12 '16 at 11:44
  • 1
    @Iris: Well, unless the sentence is followed by something, as in "Ich kaufe in dem Markt, der direkt am Bahnhof ist." (The fact that you would rarely say "Ich kaufe ..." without specifying what you are buying indicates that the complete sentence should be longer, anyway.) – O. R. Mapper Dec 12 '16 at 13:18
  • @O. R. Mapper, true, but in the example 'Ich kaufe in dem Markt.' in the question and answer it would be shortened. And I would additionally add an 'ein' from einkaufen. – Iris Dec 12 '16 at 13:22
  • 1
    @Iris: You're right; when using einkaufen, the sentence sounds more natural again even without indicating what is being purchased. – O. R. Mapper Dec 12 '16 at 13:23
  • Man sagt auch "ich kaufe auf dem Wertpapiermarkt/Immobilienmarkt/..." ohne dass es den Markt als Räumlichkeit geben muss. Außerdem sagt Bioladen nur etwas über die Produktionsweise der Güter, nichts über eine gesundheitliche Wirkung. – user unknown Dec 13 '16 at 1:41

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.