I am looking at the declension tables for 'jeder' here. I'm confused why the 'with indefinite article' portion of the table exists. That is, when would you ever say something like 'a/an every/each [something]'? I am a native English speaker and the only (weak) parallel I can draw is something like the awkward and possibly incorrect 'This is an everybody occasion' (same meaning as the much more common and obviously correct 'This is an occasion for everybody') and similar awkward constructions.

5 Answers 5


It's actually fairly common use in German:

"Wie ein jeder weiß"
"As everyone knows"

Not that I can think of too many examples in other realms than pointing out the obvious (or assumed common).

  • Ok, so it's just a German way of speaking that doesn't translate, because you could never say "As an everyone knows" in English. But, "Wie ein jeder weiß" means the same as "Wie jeder weiß", right?
    – ryanwc
    Jan 2, 2017 at 0:40
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    I guess I mean, is it purely up to the speaker whether to use an indefinite article or not, or is there a rule that changes the meaning?
    – ryanwc
    Jan 2, 2017 at 0:42
  • No, there's no rule demanding to use one. It's a question of personal preference, or "feeling stylish" =} ...
    – tink
    Jan 2, 2017 at 1:29

German and English are both west-germanic languages, so they are closely related to each other and have many features in common. But there are also hundreds of grammatical features that are different, and where you can't find parallels in the other language.

The construction »ein jeder« is such a case without parallels in English. In English you have only »everybody« or »each«, but German allows both: »jeder« as well as »ein jeder«.

Both versions are interchangeable and they mean quite the same. Adding the article just emphasizes the fact, that really everyone (without any exception) is meant. Depending on context, the version without articles could also be interpreted as »everybody, with some few exceptions«. »Ein jeder« points out, that exceptions are very unlikely.

But »ein jeder« is less often used, and in most cases »jeder« (without article) is better style (very often »ein jeder« is really bad style).

This also works in other genders, not only male:

  • female (die Münze / the coin = female)

    Eine jede Münze hat zwei Seiten. (bad style)
    Jede Münze hat zwei Seiten.
    Each coin has two sides.

  • neuter (das Kind / the child = neuter)

    Ein jedes Kind weint manchmal.
    Jedes Kind weint manchmal.
    Every child cries sometimes.

  • male (der Baum / the tree = male)

    Ein jeder Baum hat Wurzeln.
    Jeder Baum hat Wurzeln.
    Every tree has roots.

  • generic (meaning everyone, all genders)

    Hier ist ein jeder willkommen.
    Hier ist jeder willkommen.
    Everybody is welcome here.

But as said before: The version without article is always the version with the better style. So when you write or speak, better don't use that article. But when you read or hear it you should know that it is an allowed version.

You might read or hear the generic usage more often than the versions where you use it together with a noun. It rarely is used together with a noun as shown in my first three examples, so the chances are low that you will hear or read such a sentence.

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  • It might be worth mentioning that the jeder when following ein has mixed declension, and strong declension when alone; this is similar to adjective declension. Wiktionary says the ein is always used for the pronoun in the genitive; I'm a bit skeptical though since I haven't seen it mentioned anywhere else.
    – RDBury
    May 25, 2022 at 2:37

I'd like to throw in a different suggestion, taking tink's example sentence:

Compare "Wie ein jeder weiß" with "Wie jeder weiß".

Sure, both can be translated as "As everyone knows". But in English you also have a slightly different way to translate it is "As every single one knows". IMHO The difference in English between these two sentences reflects the difference in meaning in the German sentences as well:

"Wie ein jeder weiß" <-> "As every single one knows"

"Wie jeder weiß" <-> "As everyone knows"

In either language one could use in most situations one sentence or the other as the difference in meaning is small - but the first puts a special emphasis and implies that the statement applies to every single member of the group without exception.


This might only be worth the status of a comment, but I think it is relevant.

Maybe it is so that the "ein" in "ein jeder" isn't the indefinite article at all, but the count word?? E.g. we say in Swedish "var och en" (=every and one), where I don't believe that the "en" is an article, but a count word. In Swedish as in German the indefinite article is a homonyme with the count word for one, wherease they're different words in English. As a matter of fact, and what is easily overlooked, this "one" is also present in the English expression "everyone", which points to a possible common root of the expressions.

  • You mean one? Not an indefinite article, but still a good observation. From what I could find, jeder is cognate with either, but not with each or every (or that relationship goes even further back).
    – Carsten S
    Jan 2, 2017 at 11:17
  • @CarstenS You're of course correct, that "one" is not an indefinate article. I will correct that. Maybe it is so that the "ein" in "ein jeder" isn't the indefinite article at all, but the count word?? We say in Swedish "var och en" (=every and one) where I don't believe that the "en" is an article, but a count word
    – Beta
    Jan 2, 2017 at 11:42
  • In German we also can say »jeder und einer« in which case »einer« in which case it is neither an article nor a count word but an indefinite pronoun like in »Einer flog über das Kuckucksnest« or »Darf ich auch einen haben?« May 25, 2022 at 6:38

If it is at all useful as a memory jog, there is a children's song "Hände waschen" in which the words "muss ein jedes Kind" get repeated several times. It's the way my brain works, maybe not for everyone. Musical context triggers acquisition for me.


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