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How do you use a separable verb after a subordinating conjunction? I know that for inseparable verbs, they're just conjugated and dragged to the end of the subordinating clause, but what about this:

You believe you see the essentials.

Is it translated as:

Du glaubst, dass du dir das Wesentliche siehst an.

Or:

Du glaubst, dass du siehst dir das Wesentliche an.

And also, what if you add a modal verb into the sentence? How do you translate "You believe you can see the essentials."? (i.e. where should kannst be positioned?)

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    FWIW, your German translation of the English sentence is slightly off in the first place and should rather be: 'Du glaubst, dass du das Wesentliche siehst.' 'Ansehen' implicates a more thorough and active action (look at) and not just a casual observation as in see/sehen. – jarnbjo Mar 24 '17 at 18:21
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Your first sentence would be translated as

Du glaubst, du siehst dir das Wesentliche an.

Or

Du glaubst, dass du dir das Wesentliche ansiehst.

If you add a modal verb into the sentence your sentence could look like this

Du glaubst, du kannst dir das Wesentliche ansehen.

But in this case your verb wouldn't be conjugated anymore.

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The rule for separable verbs is:

Separable verbs are split only if the verb is used in second position in a main clause.

The general rule for word order is:

Verbs are placed at the end of the sentence (in reverse order, compared to English), except for the conjugated verb in a main clause, which has to be in second position.

So:

Du kaufst das Wesentliche ein.
Du kannst das Wesentliche einkaufen.
Du kannst das Wesentliche eingekauft haben.
Du kannst das Wesentliche eingekauft haben wollen.
..., weil du das Wesentliche einkaufst.
..., weil du das Wesentliche einkaufen kannst.
..., weil du das Wesentliche eingekauft haben kannst.
..., weil du das Wesentliche eingekauft haben wollen kannst.

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