1

In what case is Berge here? Nominative or genitive?
I understood that "Menge" might express discrete values (uncountable large numbers) and in this case it comes with "unbestimmten Artikel: e.g eine / jede. Is that correct?

4

Berge is neither nominative nor genitive in your example:

It is in fact accusative. The non-personal use of "geben" (for "sth exists") generally rules the accusative.

Note you could properly express the same fact with a genitivus partitivus such as

Es gibt hier jede Menge hoher Berge

"jede Menge" literally means "any amount of", so "a lot". Very much so as in English.

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  • "Wen/Was gibt es hier jede Menge drum herum ? - Berge" Correct ?
    – Doomenik
    Oct 25 '17 at 7:49
  • @Doomenik Yes, correct. But the standard way of "asking" for a subject/object to find the proper case tends to help learners much less than native speakers sometimes think.
    – tofro
    Oct 25 '17 at 7:57
  • Yes ty your probably right.
    – Doomenik
    Oct 25 '17 at 8:01
1

It is accusative case.

  • Nom: hohe Berge

    Hohe Berge sind schön.

  • Gen: hoher Berge

    Beim Anblick hoher Berge möchte Lisa jodeln.

  • Dat: hohen Bergen

    Bei den hohen Bergen scheint die Sonne.

  • Acc: hohe Berge

    Ich sehe hohe Berge.

So, »hohe Berge« can only be nominative or accusative case. Genitive is out of the game.

It is possible, but rare, that something other than the subject appears in nominative case in a German sentence. The subject in this sentence is the first word »es«, which is an expletive subject. So it is very unlikely, that something else than the high mountains are in nominative case. But this is just a rule of thumb.

What really helps is the phrase »es gibt« itself (there is or there are in English). The thing(s) that is/are, always appears in accusative case. This means, that the nominal group »jede Menge hohe Berge« has to stand in accusative case.

But you asked for »hohe Berge«, so we have to split up the four-word phrase into its components:

There are two ways to express every amount of high mountains in German:

  1. Es gibt jede Menge hoher Berge

    As shown above, hoher Berge is genitive case, and this variation is called »genitivus partitivus«. It expresses, that the amount (which stands in accusative case) consists of high mountains. (Note, that here hoher Berge is an ad-on to jede Menge. So the rule »es gibt needs accusative case applies to jede Menge.)

  2. Es gibt jede Menge hohe Berge

    This is the same construction as in »es gibt zwei hohe Berge« (there are two high mountains) or »es gibt viele hohe Berge« (there are many high mountains). This means: Here the words jede Menge (which in this construction are a quantifier, not an object) are an ad-on to hohe Berge, and the sentence works without this ad-on too:

    Es gibt hohe Berge

    Now it is clear: Since »es gibt« always needs in object in accusative case, hohe Berge must stand in this case. And adding a quantifier doesn't change this case.

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  • Wenn ich versuche "Ich sehen hohe Berge." in die richtige Form "Ich sehe..." zu bringen, beklagt sich stackexchange dass zu wenig geändert wurde. Magst du sehen ins Singular bringen?
    – harper
    Oct 26 '17 at 14:38

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