Can man use any of these words in daily life about anything in order to say "renounce", or there is some places that one does not fit?

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    What did the dictionary say? – Robert Feb 10 '18 at 17:18

Short answer: no. They are not synonyms.

Entsagen and abschwören are very similar, though I would say abschwören is stronger. Both are a tad strong for daily life.

Abtreten (in the sense of renouncing) can only be used for something like an inheritance. And in contrast to the other two it needs a dative

Ich trat ihm mein Erbe ab.

From your previous question I think aufgeben is the best fit.

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