Are both of these sentences interchangeable?

  1. Ich habe einen neue Auto gekauft.

  2. Ich habe ein neuen Auto gekauft.

Ich the conjugation of -ein optional if the there is an adjective for the noun that can be used as a determiner?

  • 5
    Neither is correct. Only "Ich habe ein neues Auto gekauft." is valid. The conjugation is obligatory.
    – tavkomann
    Jun 6 '18 at 5:10

No. The conjuggation of ein is not optional, and No, this sentences are not interchangeable. Both of your sentences are wrong.

A car can be:

  • das Auto (neuter)
  • die Karre (feminine) (Karre is a shabby car)
  • der Wagen (masculine) (Wagen is often used for bigger limousines)

Obviously you mean

I have bought a new car.

depending on the German word for car this can be:

Ich habe ein neues Auto gekauft.
Ich habe eine neue Karre gekauft.
Ich habe einen neuen Wagen gekauft.

You always must decline all determines (i.e. the article and the attribute) according to the grammatical gender of the noun.

  • 2
    Nur Verben werden konjugiert.
    – Carsten S
    Jun 6 '18 at 17:57

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