In the following sentence, why does "Verbindungen" not have any article?

Moskau übt keine direkte Kontrolle auf die hiesige Kirche aus, unterhält aber enge Verbindungen zu dieser.

1 Answer 1


Because ordinarily you would expect an indefinite article, but since the indefinite article in German has no plural form, it is simply omitted in plural constructions. (This is a general rule.)

Ich unterhalte eine Verbindung. / Ich unterhalte Verbindungen.

Er hat eine gute Idee. / Er hat gute Ideen.

Further reading:

  • Why would you expect an indefinite article in singular?
    – user34255
    Commented Sep 4, 2018 at 9:06
  • @user34255: Because the usage without any article is typically reserved to non-countable things, or to referring to a concept as a whole. Commented Jan 26, 2020 at 12:10

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