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Are there double consonants in German that differentiate between words? Like in Italian where for example, "casa" means house and "cassa" means box.


This question is related to the question "Is there a difference in pronunciation between “ist” and “isst”?" in which it was originally asked.

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  • 1
    man/Mann --- offen/Ofen
    – Em1
    Jun 3 '12 at 19:39
  • 3
    As far as I understand minimal pairs (or Minimalpaare in German) are only about the phonetics. Therefore, it does not make sense to talk about a "minimal pair only in writing".
    – user1654
    Jun 3 '12 at 19:43
  • I crossed out this section
    – iddober
    Jun 3 '12 at 20:52
  • On the other hand, many of the minimal pairs are also cases where the only difference in the spelling is the double consonant.
    – Philipp
    Jun 3 '12 at 21:04
  • More: ist / isst, Rate / Ratte, beten / betten
    – Landei
    Jun 4 '12 at 8:27
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  1. Yes, there are double consonants in German that differentiate between words.

    Watte (cotton)

    Wate (facet)

    You can look through this list of words with double consonants and search for more yourself. Happy hunting!

  2. Minimalpaare mit Vorkommen an Doppelkonsonanten (vgl. Vokalquantität)

    Bann vs. Bahn
    Mitte vs. Miete
    Pollen vs. Polen
    Busse vs. Buße
    bette vs. bete vs. bäte
    Hölle vs. Höhle
    fülle vs. fühle

    The latter is taken from Vokalquantität at Wikipedia.

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  • Maße und Masse
    – dgw
    Jun 4 '12 at 9:20
  • 2
    Besonders schön im Plural: In Maßen vs. in Massen.
    – Carsten S
    May 13 '14 at 20:22
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There are also a few examples that are homophones:

  • Mann/man
  • Inn/in
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  • das – dass
  • Wal – Wall
  • Hüte – Hütte
  • Schal – Schall
  • Schrot – Schrott
  • Schote – Schotte
  • Scharen – Scharren
  • Nute – Nutte
  • scharen – scharren
  • er ist – er isst
  • Koma – Komma
  • Amen – Ammen
  • Halo – Hallo
  • wir – wirr
  • Raten – Ratten
  • Mate – Matte
  • Magie – Maggie :-)
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