I was reading about word formation in German. The writer speaks about productive and unproductive word formation patterns. Productive word formation patterns are simply ways still used today to create new words (e.g., by adding a particular prefix or suffix). My question is whether I could create new words by using such productive patterns, or else such words need to be already widely used or accepted to be correct? If such a new word is understood in its context, does that make it correct?
Examples of some productive suffixes: -erei, -chen, -lein, -schaft, -tum, -ung, -isch, -mässig, -ig
I tried to create some words that are non-available in my dictionary and I don’t know if they are correct:
- Scherzerei – repeated annoying jokes (like Fragerei),
- Stiftchen oder Teppichlein – small pencil or carpet,
- Lehrerschaft oder Ingenieureschaft – collection or body of teachers or engineers (like Studentenschaft),
- Lügung – the act of lying (like Landung),
- gerüchtmäßig – according to rumors,
- diamantig (like goldig, milchig),
- lehrerisch (like studentisch),
- springeln – jump weaker (like lächeln)
Are these words that are formed by productive suffixes acceptable knowing that all of them are not in my dictionary?
Are such productive patterns always applicable when there is a context for the new word?