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Ich muss es vorm Wochenende machen [DAT]

Two way prepositions are either Dative or Accusative. When they are in dative they express only location or answers the question "where".

The example given above is of dative case however. In the sentence above I do not get the sense of location or answering question "where". I understand that there is no expression of direction involved in sentence in this case. Should I understand that if there is no expression of direction involved in sentence then the preposition should be in dative case in the case of two way preposition?

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You have to look at the verb driving the action. It all depends on the verb.

Ich muss es vorm Wochenende machen.

Ich muss es vor dem Wochenende machen.

Das Wochenende is a "place in time". Machen is one of those verbs which allows both a place or a direction. Let's take a look at two simpler examples:

Ich muss den Termin vor das Wochenende legen.

"I have to put the appointment in front of the weekend."

Why does it have to be a direction? Because the verb legen requires a direction. That simple.

Der Termin liegt vor dem Wochenende.

"The appointment sits in front of the weekend."

The verb liegen in contrary requires a place.


Back to machen.

Ich muss es vor das Wochenende machen.

That's colloquial speech, and uses machen with a direction. The meaning is the same as with the verb legen.

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    Das letzte Beispiel (vor das Wochenende machen) finde ich ungrammatisch. – David Vogt Jan 29 at 11:06
  • Sagt man hier aber so. Auch gern Ich muss den Termin vor das Wochenende tun. – Janka Jan 29 at 11:14
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    Wo sagt man das so? Wenn der Ausdruck regionaler Herkunft ist, solltest du das ergänzen. – David Vogt Jan 29 at 11:15
  • Braunschweig, Harz. – Janka Jan 29 at 12:30
  • "Vor dem Wochenende" is an adverbial which works with almost all verbs since it is an indication of time. "Vor das Wochenende" works only for verbs where giving a time as a destination makes sense. – RHa Jan 29 at 16:06

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