I am trying to understand the etymology of the German surname "Schulz".
According to Wiktionary the etymology of Schulz is:
Contraction of the Middle High German equivalent of Schultheiß (“village headman, sheriff”), from schult (“debt”) + heizen (“to order”).
Kontraktion aus Schultheiß, dem Posten des Vorstehers eines Dorfes, der die Abgaben für den Grundherrn einforderte.
In the dictionary of modern German I could not find these two words (schult, heizen) in these meanings... so maybe they are not used in these meanings anymore.
Is there any remote connection between modern German Schule ("school") and Middle High German schult (“debt”)?
I have also noticed that in Middle Dutch, schulen means to take shelter. Any connection?
It is interesting to note that in the US, attending school often requires amassing stupid amounts of debt...