Does the German language have any other etymologically connected words in which the letter "v" corresponds to the letter "f", e.g.


  • 3
    Outside of loanwords, the letter v is just a variant of the letter f in German. You could mix v and f up and the text would be as readable as before. In fact, before the 1901 spelling harmonisation, many people did.
    – Janka
    Mar 28, 2019 at 21:02
  • @Janka Thanks! Very useful answer.
    – peterh
    Mar 28, 2019 at 21:15
  • But there are hundreds of such loanwords: Variante, Video, Villa, Virus, Vision, Variation, Votum, Violine, Vulkan, Volumen, Visier, Veto, Visum, Vitamin, Vampier, Vandalismus, Venus, via, virtuell, vage, variabel, virtuos, visuell, votieren, vakant, ... Und das waren nur Beispiele für häufig verwendete Wörter, die mit V beginnen. Es gibt noch viel mehr, bei denen das V im inneren des Wortes wie W ausgesprochen wird (*evangelisch, eventuell, Event, Eva, oval, ...) Ich kann derzeit sogar kein einziges Wort finden, das als 2. Buchstaben ein v hat das wie f ausgesprochen wird. Mar 28, 2019 at 22:52
  • 6
    @HubertSchölnast, Duden schreibt zu evangelisch: [evaŋˈɡeː…], auch: [efaŋ…]. Und zu Eva: [ˈeːfa], auch: [ˈeːva].
    – Carsten S
    Mar 29, 2019 at 7:38
  • 1
    @prostorech: Please, make clear what you want to ask. The title is not a question. The question refers with "any other" to an unknown reference word (I ask you: Any other than what?!). The pattern "vor/Fürst/führen" is not clear to me at all. I voted -1 and want to close this question.
    – äüö
    Apr 5, 2019 at 6:40

1 Answer 1


The only other example the consulted dictionaries are providing is:

  • voll 'full' - Fülle 'fullness, welter'

And it looks like as this is the only other example of the v-f-alternation within a German word-family (like your vor - Fürst). However, you have to keep in mind, that these rules for using v or f in certain words are a product of "modern" spelling regulations and have nothing to do with their pronunciation.

--- A quick note on your example: The verb führen is etymologically not connected to vor or Fürst.

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