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What is the literal meaning of "auf der Strecke bleiben"? What is the link between the literal meaning and the meaning "to fall by the wayside"?

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    And then we have "auf Kurs bleiben", which means the opposite – Sudix Aug 17 at 7:28
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My first idea has been that the expression is related to the retreat of Napoleon's Grande Armée from Russia (or similar events), when many soldiers died of physical exhaustion, wounds, cold or whatever reason on the side of the road. It seems that this explanation isn't correct, though.

Instead the expression comes from hunting. Jemanden zur Strecke bringen and auf der Strecke bleiben share the same origin (redensarten.net):

Etwas zur Strecke bringen im wörtlichen Sinn seit langer Zeit vor allem Jäger, und zwar nach erfolgreicher Jagd das geschossene Wild. Das wird bei größeren Jagden mit mehreren Beteiligten an einen Sammelplatz fein säuberlich in Reih und Glied, sortiert nach Art und Größe, ausgelegt. Diese Aufreihung nennt der Waidmann Strecke. Dabei kann man Strecke von „strecken, gestreckt“ herleiten, weil die Jagdbeute wortwörtlich alle viere von sich streckt, nachdem sie tödlich getroffen wurde.

The "Strecke" is a place to which hunters bring the animals which they have shot.

P.S.: I hadn't read all answers before I wrote my own. @ChristianGeiselmann had already given a similar explanation. However, Strecke is not a quantity - but a place. Jagdstrecke or short Strecke can also be used to designate the total number of animals shot during a hunt.

P.P.S.: If you want to see a "Strecke", you can use the Google image search for "Strecke Jagd". Most images are not released under a licence, which would allow to use them here. The photo below shows the "Strecke" of a driven hunt on hares. As seeing such a number of animal cadavres may provoke a strong negative reaction, I use spoiler tags.

image Image from: common.wikimedia.com

  • I cannot avoid fully agreeing with your excellent answer. – Christian Geiselmann Aug 16 at 16:11
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    In the context of hunting "Strecke" has two meanings. (1) The total of animals killed during game hunting ("gestreckte Jagdbeute"). (2) The killed game which is put down at a certain place ("Streckelegen"). It is therefore not correct to say "Strecke is not a quantity - but a place". In fact, "Strecke" may denote a quantity, and it is laid down at a certain place, but it is not a place. – Paul Frost Aug 17 at 0:09
  • @PaulFrost: I have updated my post scriptum, in which I had claimed that "Strecke" is a place and not a quantity. – Frank from Frankfurt Aug 17 at 8:52
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"auf der Strecke bleiben" literally translates to

to stay on the track

Duden explains:

wohl aus dem Bereich des Sports und eigentlich = bei einem [Lauf]wettbewerb nicht das Ziel erreichen

While "fall by the wayside" comes from biblical allusion, the German expression seems to be more of a metaphor. You failed something like somebody who stays on the track will never cross the finishing line.

  • I feel important translations are missing. This is rarely used about failing, if at all. – infinitezero Aug 16 at 16:29
  • Maybe remain for bleiben might be a better approximation: to remain on the track. – ahulpke Aug 16 at 20:49
  • @infinitezero as the answer explains it's a metaphor. It literally means not reaching the goal but staying (lost) somewhere on the race track. Imagine a race, every participant arrived except the one we're talking about, it gets dark, everyone leaves, nobody knows where exactly they are or even cares. The one missing guy gets left behind and forgotten. That's the meaning that carries on to it's typical use, something that should have been included is left behind and forgotten. In contrast to "stay on track" it does not imply continued movement by the one on the track. – Frank Hopkins Aug 16 at 20:50
  • And in fact it's not meant as strictly being "on the track" in the sense of still being on the official track but somewhere in the area of the race track,likely, simply judging by the fact that they started but haven't arrived, i.e. "Strecke" is a more fuzzy term in this context that means the general area of where the race happens (in the literal meaning) and in the metaphorical meaning the general process that we are talking about, e.g. a voting campaign at which honesty might get lost somewhere on the way to power. – Frank Hopkins Aug 16 at 20:54
  • Dagegen spricht, dass man das im Sport gerade nicht beobachtet. Die Leute geben auf und verlassen vorzeitig die Strecke. – user unknown Aug 16 at 23:29
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Other than other people who answered here, I suppose that Auf der Strecke bleiben is not at all related to Strecke as track or route. Rather I suppose the phrase refers to an expression common with hunters. For them, by tradition since mediaeval times, Strecke is the quantity of animals caught and killed during the hunt, and displayed at the end of the event in a neatly arranged row somewhere on a meadow. Imagine hunters playing some music on horns in addition.

One could debate, perhaps, if Strecke first meant the entirety of killed animals, or the place to display them. I have no opinion here. In any way, today both meanings are in use metonymically.

Note that killing someobody is also

jemanden zur Strecke bringen

which definitely is not related to getting somebody to the route. It is getting somebody to be on display for successfully being hunted down and killed.

Admittedly Duden Herkunftswörterbuch (one of the more recent editions) claims that Auf der Strecke bleiben "probably" roots in sports, whereas zur Strecke bringen was related to hunting. But Duden does not give any evidence for this whatsoever, and I would dare doubting their judgement in this case. Rather than the relatively modern phenomenon of sports, a military context could be theoretically supposed, as Volker Landgraf did in his separate answer, with military men being left "on the track" during quick advance or retreat of larger military bodies. However, if that was the origin of the phrase, I would suuppose there were other words too like auf dem Marsch bleiben, which however does not exist. Contrary to that the existence of a phrase zur Strecke bringen which clearly is related to hunting, is a strong hint that also auf der Strecke bleiben is probably a hunting term.

  • Then "Auf der Strecke bleiben" would mean that some of the wild game lying on the "Strecke" is not taken away, but left in the forest. Thus: Killed, presented and then ignored. Does that make sense as an interpretation? – Paul Frost Aug 16 at 14:22
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    AFAIK the "Strecke" in hunting is what the location where the killed animals are amassed is called, it has nothing to do with the "Strecke" as a distance or track. – Volker Landgraf Aug 16 at 14:26
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    @PaulFrost Could it be that you make a circular argument here? Auf der Strecke bleiben is, in my interpretation, equal to "having been hunted down, killed, and being now displayed on the final gathering point of hunters". It does not at all mean "being left to rot in the forest". After being diplayed, the pray will be taken home and eaten. – Christian Geiselmann Aug 16 at 15:15
  • @ChristianGeiselmann After being displayed, the pray will be taken home and eaten - Bete mal lieber, dass Du nicht zur Beute wirst (SCNR) – Volker Landgraf Aug 16 at 15:23
  • @VolkerLandgraf Here you are definitely on the right track! – Christian Geiselmann Aug 16 at 15:25
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My prefered literal translation would be "left/remain on the way/track" - never arrived or finished. (I would not translated it into "stay on track" - this would rather translate to "in der Spur bleiben".)

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Imagine an army making a forced march, maybe being pursued by enemy troops. Some soldiers will run out of energy to march on and collapse so they stay on the track instead of reaching the destination.

  • I think you are on the wrong track. – Christian Geiselmann Aug 16 at 14:08
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    @ChristianGeiselmann nice word-play, but I think it's you who is wrong. – Volker Landgraf Aug 16 at 14:27
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    I do not claim infallibility. But on the other hand: if the military background (being left on the track during military movements) was true, there would probably a different wording (at least in addition), say auf dem Marsch bleiben, or whatever. But there is no such phrase. And the proximity of Strecke to hunting is just too striking to be ignored, I would say. Whereas Strecke in military context does not ring a bell with me. – Christian Geiselmann Aug 16 at 15:24
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As idmean has answered, it literally means

to stay on the track

However, it is not so much about failing but rather about not being completed, being ignored/forgotten or being put at disadvantage, see here: German examples

"Mutti bleibt auf der Strecke. Frauen im Erziehungsurlaub drohen beruflich abgehängt zu werden"; *Mum falls by the wayside. Women on maternity leave are threatened to fall behind in their jobs.

"Ihr Geld bleibt auf der Strecke - Wertverlustprognosen für die 100 meistverkauften Modelle"; Your money falls by the wayside. Lost in value predicted for top 100 sold models.

"Abrüstung bleibt auf der Strecke. An der Jahrtausendschwelle droht neue Runde im globalen Wettrüsten"; *Denuclearisation stays on the wayside. Threats of new arms race in new millenial.

"Deutsche Bahn will sparen: Behinderte Menschen bleiben auf der Strecke"; Deutsche Bahn wants to save money: Handicapped people stay on the wayside.

"Kino digital: Die Kleinen bleiben auf der Strecke" Digital cinema: Children stay on the wayside.

I delibaretely chose the wayside translation, although you probably wouldn't say it this way in English. If needed, I can provide proper translations.

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