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Accordding to Langenscheidt, Oxford, Duden the verb has two past participles, but those have not mentioned when we shall use each one! because the meanings are also the same.

  • 5
    Depends on context. – πάντα ῥεῖ Sep 13 at 15:23
  • you mean depends on meaning in each context? just like what he has answered here? – Armin Sep 13 at 15:28
  • Yes exactly. I voted to undelete the answer. – πάντα ῥεῖ Sep 13 at 15:32
  • For some reason @TheAwfulLanguage deletes a lot of their own answers. Since they deleted it themself, I wouldn't vote on undeleting. – infinitezero Sep 13 at 17:04
  • Another example is "schleifen", which means 1. "to drag sth. along" and 2. "to cut (a gemstone)". The past participle would be "geschleift" and "geschliffen" respsectively. – QBrute Sep 14 at 11:34
30

"schaffen" has two meanings:

  1. to get something managed,
  2. to create, to produce something

"geschafft" is the past of the 1st,

"geschaffen" is the past of the 2nd

  • Amazing text/vote ratio :) Couldn't have put it better. – Dan Sep 14 at 11:33
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    In Switzerland, AFAIK, schaffen is also used in the sense of "to work" (i.e., to have a job); though I wouldn't know what participle they use for that... – phipsgabler Sep 14 at 16:35
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    That's meaning is not limited to Switzerland. We use it in Northern Germany, too. Ich muss schaffen gehen.Ich muss zur Arbeit gehen. – Janka Sep 15 at 12:26
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    Consider also the different simple past forms: (1) schaffte (2) schuf – Bergi Sep 15 at 14:51

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