Accordding to Langenscheidt, Oxford, Duden the verb has two past participles, but those have not mentioned when we shall use each one! because the meanings are also the same.

  • 5
    Depends on context. Sep 13 '19 at 15:23
  • you mean depends on meaning in each context? just like what he has answered here?
    – Armin
    Sep 13 '19 at 15:28
  • Yes exactly. I voted to undelete the answer. Sep 13 '19 at 15:32
  • For some reason @TheAwfulLanguage deletes a lot of their own answers. Since they deleted it themself, I wouldn't vote on undeleting. Sep 13 '19 at 17:04
  • Another example is "schleifen", which means 1. "to drag sth. along" and 2. "to cut (a gemstone)". The past participle would be "geschleift" and "geschliffen" respsectively.
    – QBrute
    Sep 14 '19 at 11:34

"schaffen" has two meanings:

  1. to get something managed,
  2. to create, to produce something

"geschafft" is the past of the 1st,

"geschaffen" is the past of the 2nd

  • Amazing text/vote ratio :) Couldn't have put it better.
    – Dan
    Sep 14 '19 at 11:33
  • 2
    In Switzerland, AFAIK, schaffen is also used in the sense of "to work" (i.e., to have a job); though I wouldn't know what participle they use for that... Sep 14 '19 at 16:35
  • 1
    That's meaning is not limited to Switzerland. We use it in Northern Germany, too. Ich muss schaffen gehen.Ich muss zur Arbeit gehen.
    – Janka
    Sep 15 '19 at 12:26
  • 3
    Consider also the different simple past forms: (1) schaffte (2) schuf
    – Bergi
    Sep 15 '19 at 14:51

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