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Wie geht es Ihnen? - Ihnen is a Dative case of Ihr. Gut.

Wie geht es dir? - dir is Dative of du. Same thing.

Wie geht es Herrn Schwarzenberg? - den Herrn is Accusative of Herr.

Wie geht es Ihren Kollegen? - Ihren and den Kollegen again are Accusative cases.

So what case should I use in this phrase - Dative or Accusative? And why?

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    Dem Herrn Schwarzenberg and ihren Kollegen are dative case, too! – Björn Friedrich Sep 28 '19 at 19:58
  • Please consider consulting a conjugation table next time. – Dan Sep 29 '19 at 0:06
3

All your examples use the dative.

The cause of your confusion is that in the third example the dative and the accusative have the same form, so there is no visible difference.

In the forth example, it could be accusative singular or dative plural. As the phrase "wie geht es" requires a dative, "Kollegen" must be plural.

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    In the last example, the accusative would be "Ihre Kollegen". – RHa Sep 29 '19 at 8:48
  • @RHa Changed, thanks. – RalfFriedl Sep 29 '19 at 9:14

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