Googling "Nomen mit Präpositionen" or "Substantive mit Präpositionen" may yield some results, for instance this list by PONS.
There is indeed a book on the topic: Wolfgang Müller, Wörterbuch deutscher Präpositionen, De Gruyter, 2012. With a price of 510 €, the book is clearly not aimed at language learners. You might gain access via a library.
1. Von is always possible if it substitutes for a genitive, such as in your example.
der Genuss dieser Drogen (definite)
der Genuss von Drogen (indefinite)
2. Prepositions have multiple meanings. This carries over to combinations of nouns with prepositions. Having a sound knowledge of the basic meanings of prepositions should allow you to derive the appropriate meaning of the combination in many, if not most, circumstances.
eine Mitteilung über das Webformular (characterising the medium: "via")
eine Mitteilung über das weitere Vorgehen (characterising the message: "about")
3. However, there are some idiosyncratic combinations of verbs, nouns, and adjectives with prepositions that have to be learned. You should be able to pick these up just by reading and listening to a lot of German. This would seem like a more realistic strategy than rote memorisation.
4. Most of the lists found on the Internet show a lack of reflection. For instance, in the list by PONS linked above: Ärger über can be derived from sich ärgern über. Armut an (roten Blutkörperchen) has a meaning of an that occurs independent of Armut and seems to specify a collection of something.
jung an Jahren, reich an Erfahrungen; arm an Freuden (WDG)
Was wir an Erfahrungen gesammelt haben, kann uns niemand mehr nehmen.