What kind of the passive form is there in the following phrase, and where can I read more about it?

... unabhängig davon, wie diese Korrespondenz aufgenommen worden sein mag ...

1 Answer 1


Vorgangspassiv in perfect tense coupled with a modal verb. Compare:

Die Dateien sollten wiederholt worden sein ... dass der Saft von ihm getrunkenwordenseinkann.

A similar form with different meaning you may mistake it for is Zustandspassiv in Perfekt, coupled with a modal verb:

unabhängig davon, wie diese Korrespondenz aufgenommen gewesen sein kann

A few examples for you: http://aktivaesperanto.org.es/apunts/Verbanalyse_Beispiele1.pdf

To your question about grammar books on the subject.

Still, it's hard to recommend a source for you as we do not know your niveau. A general recommendation for most complicated grammatical questions is the Duden grammar.

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