The term for inhabitants of countries often can't be deduced by the countries name:

For example:

Saarland - Saarländer


Deutschland - Deutscher (not Deutschländer)

Russland - Russe (not Russländer)

Also there are more obscure forms:

Monaco - Monegasse

Elfenbeinküste - Ivorer

Is there a list of correct terms for inhabitants of countries?

  • [...]dass der amtliche Staatenname im Deutschen mittlerweile Cote dIvoire lautet. [...] Die einzig korrekte Einwohnerbezeichnung lautet dementsprechend dann Ivorer/Ivorerin. Duden
    – Em1
    Nov 15, 2012 at 15:18
  • 2
    How about this: de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnonym
    – elena
    Nov 15, 2012 at 15:27
  • 4
    @elena Interesting link. However, some might wonder why an Este isn't called Estländer while an Engländer isn't called Enge. I guess there's no rule at all. Thus we have to learn all them by heart and a complete list might be helpful.
    – Em1
    Nov 15, 2012 at 16:00
  • Little fun fact: In Namibia the 'Deutschländer' is the expression for Germans from Germany (in opposition to a Namibian with German origin) . See de.wikipedia.org/wiki/…
    – knut
    Jan 5, 2020 at 21:28

1 Answer 1


You can download the list in the web links section of this wiki page:

Liste der Staaten der Erde

The link is "Verzeichnis der Staatennamen für den amtlichen Gebrauch...", a pdf document from the Department for Foreign Affairs of Germany. You will find the terms for the inhabitants in the fourth column ("Bezeichnung der Staatsangehörigen").


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