When I want to translate "I go to the train station", which of the following prepositions can be used? Why, in which contexts?

  1. Ich gehe zu dem Bahnhof. / Ich gehe zum Bahnhof. (zu + Dativ)
  2. Ich gehe in den Bahnhof. (in + Akkusativ)
  3. Ich gehe an den Bahnhof. (an + Akkusativ)
  • 5
    all of them are correct, depending on what you want to say... – Torsten Link Apr 15 '20 at 10:58
  • @TorstenLink Could you please provide a context for 3)? – Nico Apr 15 '20 at 11:07
  • 4
    "Gehst Du zur Bushaltestelle in der Stadtmitte oder zu der am Bahnhof?" - "Ich gehe an den Bahnhof" – Torsten Link Apr 15 '20 at 11:10
  • @TorstenLink that is exactly my question: in which contexts would I use 1, 2 or 3 when I want to translate the English sentence "I go to the train station."? Could you explain this to me in English? – malfroid Apr 15 '20 at 11:17
  • 2
    No, I won't, as this is a simple matter of a dictionary... You can look up the translations for "in", "an" and "zu" yourself... and If you don't understand why you can go TO the trainstation and INSIDE the trainstation then we can't help you here as well... – Torsten Link Apr 15 '20 at 11:22

You're going to the station:

"Ich gehe zum Bahnhof". "Zu dem" is concatenated to "zum".

There are several stations and you mean a specific one:

"Ich gehe zu dem/diesem Bahnhof", poiting at it e.g. on a map.

You're entering the building:

"Ich gehe in den Bahnhof/in das Bahnhofsgebäude".

You're going for instance to meet somebody in front of the station:

"Ich gehe an den Bahnhof" or "Ich gehe zum Bahnhof".


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