Does the verb sitzen require haben or sein in the perfect?


In Standard German, haben is used as auxiliary verb. In some High German dialects and often in the High German language area in general, however, sein is used.

  • Right, although in Austria "gesessen sein" isn't even considered dialectal, but Standard Austrian. Jun 28 '20 at 10:24
  • 1
    @Same for South Germany, confirmed by grammar Pons, Die Deutsche Grammatik.
    – guidot
    Jun 28 '20 at 19:43
  • 2
    And in Bavaria, er hat gesessen invariably means he was in jail
    – Jan
    Jun 29 '20 at 11:40
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    @Jan I think that applies for all of southern Germany. I almost wrote an answer that "ist gesessen" is correct, because "hat gesessen" means jail to me. I'm Swabian.
    – miep
    Jun 29 '20 at 14:13
  • I agree with this and referred to this fact by often in the High German language area in general. Of course Swabia, Bavaria, the rest of southern Germany and Austria belong to it. Jun 29 '20 at 18:02

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