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Does the suffix -weilig have a particular meaning?

I've seen it in a few words, such as langweilig, zeitweilig etc.

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The german noun Weile is cognate to while and means "while"[Noun], "spell"[period of time] "duration", "span of time". Adding the suffix -ig is a way to create an adjective from a noun.

The verb weilen means "to rest", "to stay at one place (for a while)".

Hence, the suffix -weilig means as much as "during", "while"[Adjective], "in the time of". But it is not always possible to guess the meaning, since it has changed over time or has focussed on a particular idea which is only loosely related to the notion of Weile:

  • langweilig literally translates to something like "long-during, long lasting". It came to mean "boring" as figurative speech.
  • kurzweilig, the opposite to langweilig, "diverting", "amusing"
  • derweilig, more common now as derweilen: "in the meantime"
  • jeweilig, more common now as jeweils: "each", "at a time"
  • zeitweilig: literally translates to "during a certain time", meaning "temporary", "intermittant",
  • einstweilig: literally translates to "once-whiley", "at a certain time", is used primarily in the legal term einstweilige Verfügung: "injunction" and means "provisional", "interlocutory".

However, as Schmuddi points out in a comment, all examples containing -weilig are lexicalized words with opaque, non-compositional meaning and -weilig is not a productive morpheme of German anymore, you could not use it to form a new word anymore.

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  • Comments are not for extended discussion; this conversation has been moved to chat. Jan 19 at 13:42
  • I thought the discussion was pertinent and even affected your post. Jan 19 at 13:43
  • @Peter-ReinstateMonica Moving the discussion to the chat does not contain or even imply a claim that it was irrelevant. Please keep on discussing in the linked chat-room. Also, see german.meta.stackexchange.com/questions/1615/… Jan 19 at 13:45
  • @jonathan.scholbach it just sweeps it in a corner away from people who might find it relevant. It is, as it has ever and always been, useless and destructive.
    – hobbs
    Jan 20 at 9:53
  • @hobbs This discussion should not be held under a post, but on meta. Please discuss under the link I've shared above. Jan 20 at 10:01

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