When it comes to declension of nouns, plentiful references are available for the following two categories:
- strongly declined nouns (append
-(e)sfor masculine and neutral singular genitive,
-nfor plural dative). Most nouns go here.
- weakly declined nouns (always masculine. Append
-(e)nfor all cases but singular nominative). A limited set of nouns go into this category. e.g. Bär, Kunde
EDIT (thanks RDBur):
- mixed nouns - masculine and neutral nouns that are declined strongly in the singular and weakly in the plural. A very limited set of nouns go into this category. e.g. See (masc.), Auge (neut.)
In its own category, so not following any rules but its own:
- the noun
-ensfor singular genitive and
-enfor all other cases but singular nominative. You can use one of two forms in singular dative:
Verwandte are peculiar in two ways:
- Each has two declension tables. Source: leo.org. Declension tables for
Verwandte. I understand each has a form for masculine and another for feminine.
- the terminations follow the rules of none of the categories mentioned above.
Moreover, a site that is always correct, Duolingo, requires the translation of
She doesn't have any relatives.
Sie hat keine Verwandten. (notice the
Sie hat keine Verwandte.
which I go for based on my interpretation of the declension tables. (I go for unbestimmter Plural Akkusativ and both tables agree on that entry.)
Verwandte part of another category? What are the rules?
How am I failing Duolingo?
References are highly appreciated too.