I'm seeking an answer like Alain Pannetier's. Wiktionary lists nach with its many apparently unrelated meanings, as shown below. How are these seemingly unrelated meanings actually connected? Can someone unearth what the "base meaning" or Semantic Field is, and make them "glaringly obvious"?
From Middle High German nāh, from Old High German nāh with preservation of word-final -h as -ch; thus pertaining to modern nah (“near”) (from Old High German inflected nāh-), from Proto-Germanic *nēhw. Cognate with Dutch na, English nigh.
- after, past (later in time)
\3. to, towards (with geographical names; see usage notes below)
\4. according to; guided by
\6. (with verbs of sensual perception) like (see usage notes below)
\7. for (indicating desire for an object)