Following the recent election for the German Bundestag, political parties SPD, Die Grünen and FDP have concluded their exploratory negotiations to form a coalition. In the summary paper they point out that in order to meet the obligations of the Paris agreement, an increased speed at which coal power plants are phased out is necessary. They promise continued support to the regions in Germany that would be negatively affected by that:
Die betroffenen Regionen können weiterhin auf solidarische Unterstützung zählen. Maßnahmen des Strukturstärkungsgesetzes werden vorgezogen bzw. beschleunigt. Die flankierenden arbeitspolitischen Maßnahmen wie das Anpassungsgeld werden entsprechend angepasst. Niemand wird ins Bergfreie fallen. (my emphasis, "Ergebnis der Sondierungen", p. 3)
The word Bergfreie is new to me. I assume that it's a term from mining jargon, and from the context I suspect it might refer to the state in which a miner loses their contract with the mining company. But I may be way off here. So – what is the meaning and etymology of the word?
(It goes without saying that political discussions aren't welcome, neither in answers nor in comments.)