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Wir bleiben zu Hause. Heute regnet es.

Combining with weil:

Wir bleiben zu Hause, weil es heute regnet.

By what rule did the original order of heute-> es become es-> heute? I understand that the verb is at the end after conjunctions.

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German word order is more flexible in main clauses than in subordinate clauses. In a main clause, either the subject es or the adverb heute can come first. It the first example you happened to use the adverb, but it could just as easily have been Es regnet heute. German prefers subject first in a subordinate clause, so the normal phrasing would be ... weil es heute regnet. But as far as I know, it's still a preference rather than a "rule".

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  • so, heute es regnet in the second sentence highlighted sentence is also right? Nov 28, 2021 at 14:47
  • @User688539: I believe so, yes. It would put a lot of stress on heute though. Perhaps Gestern gingen wir spazieren. Aber weil heute es regnet, wir bleiben zu Hause.
    – RDBury
    Nov 28, 2021 at 15:00
  • No, "weil heute es regnet" is not correct German. Also in the second sentence you'll have to change the word order to put the verb in front of the subject. So the correct sentence would be: "Aber weil es heute regnet, bleiben wir zuhause." Nov 28, 2021 at 15:33
  • @Tilman Schmidt: You're right on the second point, a rookie mistake on my part. I'm not sure on the first point. For example I found Weil heute nichts im Fernsehen kommt. in the DWDS usage database. This has adverb first rather than the subject nichts. There do seem to be at least some cases where the subject does not have to come first in a subordinate clause.
    – RDBury
    Nov 28, 2021 at 16:01
  • "..., weil heute es regnet" is indeed incorrect. The reason is that the pronoun es must be near to the beginning of the sentence. In "Heute regnet es" es is in position 3 because Heute is first and the verb must follow. But "Heute regnet den ganzen Tag es" would be inorrect.
    – RHa
    Nov 28, 2021 at 18:14

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