How necessary or exaggerated is the following Anrede?

"Sehr geehrter Herr Prof. X" bzw. "Sehr geehrte Frau Dr. Z"

I mean, should I write Herr Prof. X, or is Prof. X enough?

Also, is it old-fashioned to write like this?

3 Answers 3


First, it is not correct to leave out the Herr or Frau. “Sehr geehrter Professor X” sounds incomplete.

It is possible to leave out the academic title (Professor, Dr. – the general recommendation is not to abbreviate the former in the salutation), but it depends heavily on the context whether it is advisable. Generally, the need for including the Professor increases the older and the more conservative the recipient is, the more hierarchical their field of study (think medicine), and the more distant your relationship to them.

There are professors who want to be addressed “Herr Professor Dr. X” at all times, even when spoken to. There are others who would consider this exaggerated.

If in doubt when writing, do include the title; it is safer. At a personal encounter, listen to what other people with a similar status use; and again, it is safer to include the title if in doubt. (“Similar status” because it is not unusual that professors who expect the title from common people are OK to be addressed without it by fellow professors.)

  • 1
    Also note that other than "Dr." we should not use the abbreviation "Prof." when addressing them. It needs to be "Sehr geehrter [Herr] Professor [Dr.] Müller".
    – Takkat
    May 20, 2013 at 7:14
  • I used to address professors I had good personal relationship with by "Lieber Prof. Müller", which is both casual (by Liebe:r) and polite by mentioning the title. Sep 21, 2021 at 8:50
  • 1
    This is a bit wobbly, and quite correct for Germany. This is not correct for Austria! Sep 21, 2021 at 14:38
  • Abbreviation of Professor in salutation is wrong, as @takkat pointed out. Please edit your answer to prevent confusion. Also Doktor is always abbreviated. Also please always refer to a Professor including the titles until you know that you don't have to. Not old fashioned at all but expected. Sep 22, 2021 at 8:44

There is some confusion in the present answers particularly with regards to the technicalities of the salutation. Actually the whole subject is pretty straight forward and how to properly salutate a professor can be googled. In the salutation (other rules apply for, e.g., for signatures or letterheads), you will say "Sehr geehrter Herr/Frau Professor/Professorin" until you know that you can leave out the Professor/Professorin. You don't include "Dr." as soon as someone is a professor. You don't abbreviate "Professor" (i.e. not "Prof.") and you don't spell "Dr." in full (not "Doktor"). Some authors argue that "Professor" is a "Dienstbezeichnung" and thus consumes the "Herr/Frau" as it consumes the "Dr.". So leaving "Herr/Frau" out is not wrong, maybe even theoretically required, but not very widespread.

Now to the question whether you actually should include the correct salutation: From vast experience I can assure you to always use it (correctly of course) – especially if you're unsure whether you have to use it; it is not old fashioned at all and most still expect it.


According to what my teacher told me, Sehr geehrter Herr should be there followed by the name. You should only use Prof. if the person himself referred to his own name with the academic title(In other words, if you have evidence that the person prefers that he be called with the academic title).

  • But an unknown person which possesses a high-rank academic level, how would (s)he prefere to be called just "(Frau)Herr" by an unknown (which, by the way is NOT a professor :D)?
    – c.p.
    May 19, 2013 at 20:21
  • I don't know actually, but i would use both Herr and Prof. to address him. May 20, 2013 at 7:48
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    This sounds quite incorrect. One letter closing with "Mit freundlichen Grüßen -- Olaf Obermotz" and a response letter starting with "Sehr geehrter Herr Prof. Dr. Obermotz" is absolutely normal. The way you call yourself and the way others call you is not symmetrical. Sep 21, 2021 at 17:39
  • The only suggestion in this regard is to refer to a "Universitätsprofessor" that calls himself "Universitätsprofessor" as "Sehr geehrter Herr Universitätsprofessor". Everything else is more or less clear; only leave out Herr/Frau Professor/Professorin if you know you can. And don't say "Professor Dr.". Some might argue to leave out "Herr" and say "Sehr geehrte Frau Professorin" instead. Sep 22, 2021 at 10:29

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